Descendants of ROBERT HARPER

Generation No. 1

1. ROBERT6 HARPER (JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) He married MARGARETA ARCHER 09 Dec 1727 in Holy Trinity Church, Wilmington DE (Source: Peter Craig Stebbins, "The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware" 1993, p 87.), daughter of JOHN ARCHER.

(Ruth Lincoln Kaye's research)
Statement from "History of Old Alexandria Virginia, By Mary G. Powell, pub. 1928, stating: (page 313)
"John Harper, son of Robert and Margaret Harper, was born October 3rd, 1728, at Philadelphia, where his family owned the suburb known as 'Franklin'. He was for some years a shipping merchant, but came to Alexandria on the breaking out of the Revolution, as did so many of the Quaker faith..."

This is the only statement found that sounds authentic as to his parents. F.L. Brockett in "Lodge of Washington" says John Harper's family came from England to Virginia in the 16th century. I have found deeds in Fairfax County of John and William Harper owning land there in 1698 [perhaps ancestors of our John??]

Mrs. Powell's information surely came from a descendant, of whom there were many in 1928 when she wrote the book.

She also wrote that John Harper procured for George Washington in Philadelphia eight casks of powder, drums, and colors for five companies of Prince William and Fairfax Counties, Virginia. He also sold Washington's herring on commission. Was a member of the Lodge of Washington and attended his funeral in 1799.

Ref: "The Harpers of Virginia, West Virginia and Mississippi," by Frank O'Beirne, 1039 26th Street, S; Arlington, VA 22202, Copyright 1982


The name of Harper comes from England where, originally, it was "le Harpur." It is believed to have been given to those who played the harp at fairs and festivals. Families of this name were to be found at early dates in many English counties -- principally Leicester, Warwick, Stafford, Derby, Oxford and Kent. British records indicate the Harpers were of the landed gentry and nobility of the British Isles. A brief account of some outstanding members of these families follows.
Richard le Harpur was the earliest of this name to appear in the records. It was in connection with the grant of certain lands to the canons of Kenelworrth [sic] by "Hugh le Harpur, son of Richard le Harpur." This grant occurred in the time of King Henry I, youngest son of William the Conqueror, who lived from 1068 to 1135 AD. In later generations, male members of the le Harpur family appeared with the given names of Gilbert, Robert, John, Henry, William, Humphrey, Nicholas, George, Thomas, Edward and Charles. Of these, the most common were John, William, Henry and Robert, which appeared in almost every family.
The first of the family to be knighted apparently was Sir Robert le Harpur (seventhy generation), son of Gilbert le Harpur and his wife Isolda (Morton) le Harpur. Sir Robert lived in the time of Edward II (1284-1327) and bore for his arms a plain cross, and the same for his crest, issuing out of a coronet. he married Isabel Hercy, daughter of Henry Hercy, Lord of Pillerton Hercy, in Warwickshire. For the next seven centuries the records are replete with the names of the various le Harpur and Harpur knights and barons. Many men of these families married the daughters of barons, earls and dukes.
Women of the le Harpur families were named Dorothy, Anna, Anne, Jane, Isabel, Mary, Elizabeth, Winifred, Catherine, Barbara and Susan, with Dorthy, Mary and Elizabeth appearing most frequently. Many le Harpur daughters married the sons of prominent knights, barons, earls and dukes.
Sir John le Harpur (tenth generation), son of Sir Richard le Harpur and his wife Alice (de Culy) le Harpur, married Eleanor Grober, daughter and heir of William Grober of Rushall. They had three sons: William, Richard and Henry. The Eldest of these, William, became Lord of Rushall. he adopted the former de Rushall arms as his own; known later as the Harpur arms, they were used by several descendants, including Sir Henry Harper, the seventh Baronet. The arms were: argent, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed, sable. The crest was : A boar passant, or, ducally gorged and crined, gules. In these and later generations, most of the Harpur men matriculated at one or another of the colleges at Oxford.
Sir Henry Harper (or Harpur) (fourteenth Generation) was the first of the family to be created a Baronet. This occurred on 8 December, 1626, in the second year of King Charles I. Sir Henry was born about 1578 and died in 1638. he resided in Calke in Derbyshire. he matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford, on 20 February, 1595/6, at the age of seventeen. He was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1598. Sir Henry was the third son of Sir John Harper and his wife Jane (Findern) Harper. He married Barbara (Faunt) Beaumont, daughter of Anthony Faunt and his wife Elizabeth (Noell) Faunt) Beaumont, daughter of Anthony Faunt and his wife Elizabeth (Noell) Faunt of Leicestershire, and widow of Sir Henry Beaumont, Baronet, of Gracedieu in Leicester; they had nine children.
Sir John Harper (or Harpur), Beronet (sixteenth generation), eldest child of Sir John Harper, Baronet, of Calke, and his wife Susan (West) Harper, succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1669; he married 17 September, 1674, Anne Willoughby, daughter of William, Lord Willoughby, sixth Baron of Parham. In 1677, this Sir John Harper inherited the estate of a cousin (also named Sir John Harper, of Swarkeston, Derbyshire) who died without issue. The wealth of various branches of the family thus became concentrated.
Sir John Harper (or Harpur), Baronet (seventeenth generation), only son of Sir John and Anne (Willoughby) Harper, was born 23 March, 1649 [this date apparently should be 1679] and died 24 June, 1741, at Calke Abbey. he was an extraordinary character in many respects, and was a person of great worth and standing in the area. He married Catherine Crewe, daughter and co-heir of Thomas, Lord Crewe, of Stene.
Sir Henry Harper (or Harpur), Baronet (eighteenth generation), was born about 1709 and died 17 June, 1748. he married (by special license) 2 October, 1734, Lady Caroline Manners, daughter of John, Second Duke of Rutland, and grand-daughter of the Earl of Harborough.
Sir Henry Harper (or Harpur), Baronet (twentieth generation), was born 13 May, 1763 and died 7 February, 1819, as a result of a fall. By Royal License, 11 April, 1808, he took the name of Crewe, it being that of his great-grandmother. His children and lineal descendants all bore the name of Harper-Crewe (or Harpur-Crewe).
Sir Vauceny Harper-Crewe (or Harpur-Crewe) (twenty-third generation) was born 14 October, 1846. He married Georgianna Jane Henrietta Eliza Lovell, and succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1886. He died 13 December, 1924, without a male successor and the title became extinct.
Branches of the Hrper line in other counties adopted arms somewhat different from those of Sir William le Harpur, of the eleventh generation. Several of these used the same golden boar, passant, in the crest, and all used a lion, rampant in the arms. In one case, however, the lion was sable (black) on the argent (white background without the black bordure; in another case, the lion was gold on a black background, with gold bordure; in a third case, the lion was red on a white background, with a black bordure. The Harper-Crewes used quartered arms, Harper and Crewe, and latter being a white lion, rampant, on a blue background. The Harper motto was "Te Deum Laudamus."
Since the eldest son in an English family inherited his father's hereditary title and estates, the younger sons had to strike out for themselves. Some of these must have been the Harpers who found their way to America.
The first of our Harper line in the United States of whom we have definite knowledge was Captain John Harper (1728-1804). The letter written by William Walton Harper states:
"The said John Harper, Kent, son of Sir John Harper, Kent while yet in England, bought of William Penn 500 acres of land near Philadelphia and willed it to his son, Robert Harper, who was in Philadelphia, but it was only a life interest, so that at the death of said Robert the land should be owned by John Harper, a grandson of said John and son of said Robert Harper. This John Harper, the grandson, was born in Philadelphia in October 1728, and removed to and settled in Alexandria, Virginia, before 1776, became wealthy in the South American trade, owned ships etc., died and was buried in Alexandria."
The information provided in that letter about the life and activities of "John Harper, the grandson" was correct. It is confirmed in several books written by various Alexandria historians. "John Harper, the grandson" became Captain John Harper, merchant, ship owner, exporter, city councilman, land-owner, and a wealthy and respected citizen of Alexandria. The information contained in the letter about Captain John's parentage and ancestors appears questionable in some respects.
How and when Harpur became Harper, and exactly who brought this name to Philadelphia and became the father of Captain John Harper, I have been unable to determine with certainty. There appear to be almost as many stories about Captain John's parentage as there are writers on the subject. None presents documentary evidence but, curiously, there are threads of similarity running through many of the stories. It may be that two Harper families -- possibly related -- have been mixed up or confused. For the benefit of future researchers, I will relate some of these stories.
One author states that Sir William Harper, Knight, oldest son of Sir Thomas Harper, was Lord of Rush Hall; that he married Margaret Coke, or Cook; that Humphrey Harper, their second son, married Elizabeth Stokes; and that John Harper, son of Humphrey and Elizabeth (Stokes) Harper, emigrated to Virginia and died in Alexandria in 1803. This appears to be a garbled account which the author attributes, incorrectly, to another writer. All other writers seem to agree that Captain John Harper was born in Philadelphia in 1728, but even they differ as to the identity of his parents.
Anderson, in her lengthy genealogy of the Meriwethers, say that John Harper, a Quaker, settled with his brother in Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania in April 1682, and that he died in 1714. She further relates that John's son, Joseph, who married Ann -------, had an eldest son named Robert Harper, that the latter married Sarah -----, and that their tenth son was Captain John Harper. I ahve obtained copies of the will of John Harper, Mariner, who died in Oxford Township, Philadelphia County in 1714; another John Harper who died in Oxford Township in 1716; a Joseph Harper who died in Oxford Township in 1746; and a Robert Harper (whose wife was Sarah -----) who died in Philadelphia County in 1765.
John Harper, Mariner who died in 1714, left his entire estate to be divided equally between his wife Deborah (whom he named his executrix) and his son John Harper; he mentions no other children in his will. The second John Harper indicated above, who died in 1716, mentions in his wife Ann and his children John, Josiah, Ralph, Joseph, Mary andy Elizabethj. The Joseph Harper who died in 1746 does not mention a wife in his will, so she must have died earlier. He leaves bequests to several children: Robert, John, Joseph, Josiah, Ann, and Sarah whom he names as the wife of Mathias Keen; he also made a bequest to his sister Mary, widow of John Mills. He named his son Joseph and daughter Sarah to be his executors. Robert Harper, who died in Philadelphia County in 1765, leaves his son Samuel a certain "Smith's Shop and Lott of Ground;" he left all his remaining estate to his wife Sarah and his children, with the income to be managed by his wife until the youngest child should arrive at the age of fourteen. he mentions his six daughters Elizabeth, Sarah, Agnes, Rebecca, Mary and Ruth, and his "three younger sons" Robert, William and John.
From these wills, it appears that the John Harper who died in 1716, the Joseph Harper who died in 1746, and the Robert Harper who died in 1765, are the three Harpers mentioned by Anderson and referred to above. However, John Harper, tenth child of the Robert Harper who died in 1765, apparently was less than fourteen years old when his father signed his will in 1757. So, that John Harper could not have been "our" Captain John Harper who was born in 1728, unless some of the dates given are erroneous. (Besides this Robert was married in 1733).
The Harper genealogy published in the Magazine of the Jefferson County (West Virginia) Historical Society traces the ancestry of the Robert Harper (1703-1782) who founded Harpers Ferry. It shows this Robert to have been a son of Joseph Harper (d.1746) and Sarah harper, and that Joseph was the son of John (d. 1718) and Ann Harper. However, this Robert Harper who founded Harper Ferry married Rachel Griffith and died a widower, without descendants. His property at Harpers ferry was left by will to Sarah Ann, daughter of Robert's brother Joseph, of Philadelphia. This Sarah Ann Harper married Johannes (John Wager, Sr., son of Peter Wager, a German emigrant. From this rather positive evidence, it must be concluded that the Robert Harper mentioned by Anderson who had a wife Sarah and ten children, and died in 1765, was not the son of the Joseph Harper who died in 1746.
Another genealogy of "our" Harper family is presented by du Bellet in "Some Prominent Virginia Families". She gives the linage of Captain John Harper as follows:
1. Sir William Harper, Knight, oldest son of Sir Thomas Harper, Knight, was Lord of Rushall; he married Margaret Coke, daughter of Henry Coke, of Cathorp Manor, in Leicester.
2. Humphrey Harper, second son of Sir William, married Elizabeth Stokes; their son was ----
3. Walter Harper, of Chinnon, in Oxfordshire, (father of)
4. John Harper, who emigrateds to Virginia (father of)
5. Robert Harper, the father of
6. Captain John Harper, d. in Alexandria, VA in 1803, (father of
7. Captain William Harper, father of
8. William Harper, b. in Alexandria, VA in 1786; m. Mary Thomas Newton
9. Maria Ann Harper, d. at Orange, VA 26 August 1890; m. George Ira Thomas
10. Mary Newton Thomas, b. 9 August 1842; m. Fielding Lewis Marshall

It will be noted that the above genealogy goes back to the William Harper, Lord of Rushall, I mentioned earlier who adopted the de Rushall arms of his mother to be the Harper arms. My early Harper chronology does show Humphrey as the second son of William Harper, and shows Walter Harper, who married Mary Blount, as a son of Humphrey harper. It also shows Walter as having resided at Chinnon (or Chinnor) in Oxfordshire. it continues, however, by stating that Walter and Mary (Blount) Harper "had at least one son..., " and names that son as Thomas Harper. There might, of course, have been another son, John, as du Bellet says, and he might have been the grandfather of "our" Captain John Harper. This is a lead for someone else to pursue.
It appears somewhat significant that William Walton Harper, in his letter, and the authors of two Alexandria histories, all state that the father of Captain John harper was Robert Harper, which is in agreement with du Bellet's genealogy of this family. Even Anderson says Captain John's father was named Robert -- but she designates an implausible Robert as the father. Both Powell, in "the History of Old Alexandria, Virginia," and Dow, in "A History of the Second Presbyterian Church, Alexandria, Virginia, " go even one step farther by stating that the parents of Captain John Harper were Robert and Margaret Harper.
Some research was done in PA, but no trace of the Robert and Margaret Harper said to have been the parents of Captain John Harper. There is an entry in an index of area marriages showing that a Robert Harper married Margareta Archer on 9 December, 1727, in the Swede's Church, Wilmington, Delaware, which is not far from Philadelphia. The significant feature of the entry is that the date of this marriage is about ten months before the generally accepted date of birth of Captain John Harper; it merits further research.
Also no record was found in the Genealogical Society of 500 acres of land near Philadelphia having been pruchased by John Harper, Kent, for his son robert, and his grandson, John Harper. Oddly enough, though, we did find records of another Harper family having purchased 500 acres of land from William Penn. This other Harper family was from Noke, Oxfordshire, England. These records relate that John (1) Harper and his son, John (2), lived and remainded in Oxfordshire. John (3) Harper emigrated and settled on a farm near Philadelphia and bought 500 acres of land from William Penn; John (3) married Ann Butcher, had seven children and died in 1716. John (3) had no son named Robert, but did have a son John (4), who married Deborah------, a son Joseph, and a son Charles, whose wife is unknown but who also had a son named John who appears to have been born shortly before 1730. Further research on this latter John Harper, son of Charles needs to be done; the similarity of dates could be significant. This Harper line appears to mesh with that of the Harpers of Harpers Ferry and, in part, with the line recorded by Anderson.
Kitty Hookin's mother obtained some Harper genealogical data several years ago from Virginia descendants of William Walton harper; these descendants reportedly had all the latter's notes and records, but admitted that they were in a somewhat jumbled and confused condition that made clear conclusions a little difficult. This data indicates that Captain John Harper was a descendant of the John (3) and Ann (Butcher Harper referred to above, although in these records the wife of this John Harper is referred to as Ann (Batchelor) Harper. This data also indicates that John (3) Harper emigrated from Ireland to pennsylvania 2 August 1682. This data does not, however, establish either a probable or a verificable connection between John (3) Harper and Captain John Harper. The date 1682 is the same as that reported by Anderson for the arrival of Harper brothers in Philadelphia!
So we have the unusual situation wherein I am unable to locate the Robert and Margaret Harper mentioned by more than three sources as the parents of Captain John Harper and as having owned 500 acres of land near Philadelphia purchased from William Penn; yet I do find another Harper family that was in Philadelphia at about this same time that did own 500 acres of land purchased from William Penn. This latter Harper family contained numerous Johns, Roberts, Williams and Samuels, just as "our" Harper families did, but I have found no positive connection between this Harper family and "our" Robert or "our" Captain John Harper.


1. Captain John Harper and his wives (1) Sarah Wells, and (2) Mary (Reynolds) Cunningham

Captain John Harper, our earliest verifiable ancestor, was born in Philadelphia (city or county), Pennsylvania, 3 October, 1728. He married, first, Sarah Wells, daughter of John Wells of PA, on 20 October, 1750; they had twenty children. After the death of Sarah, he married Mary (Reynolds) Cunningham on 25 November, 1782. She was a widow and was the daughter of John Reynolds of Winchester, Virginia; they had nin children. Captain John Harper died 7 May, 1804, in alexandria, Virginia, where he is buried.
John Harper apparently was the son of wealth parents, whatever their given names were. They probably lived in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. John was a ship captain and later a merchant in Philadelphia.
in 1773, Reese Meredith, of Philadelphia, wrote a letter of introduction for Captain John Harper to his "Esteemed Friend," Colonel Washington:
"From the little acquaintance I had with thee formerly, I take the liberty of recommending the bearer, Captain John Harper who is in partnership with William Hartshorene -- John Harper comes down in order to see the country, if he likes, they propose to come down and settle with you; they are Men that have a verry (sic) pretty interest -- Wm Hartshorne lived with me some Time -- They are Industrious, careful, Sober men; if Capt. Harper should want to draw on this place for Five hundred Pounds, I will engage4 his Bills shall be paid -- Any Civilitys shown him will be returned by

Thy Friend
Reese Meredith

John Harper did make use of this introduction, for the diaries of Washington show that Captain John Harper and three other gentlemen dinid with George Washington on 11 June, 1773, and that they, plus two ladies and two other gentlemen who arrived after dinner, all spent the night at Mount Vernon; Captain John Harper departed after breakfast the next morning. A note inserted in the "Diaries of George Washington," edited by Jackson, states that John Harper (1728-1804) was a Quaker from Philadelphia, that he carried a letter of introduction from Resses Meredith, and that Harper and Hartshorne were considering moving their mercantile firm from Philadelphia to Alexandria, which they later did.
The diaries of George Washington also show that on 14 February 17758, Captain Harper, with several other gentlemen, again lodged at Mount Vernon. It would appear that those who had business with the owners of country estates often lodged in the latter's homes rather than in an inn which might not have been nearby. This certainly seems to have been true in the case of George Washington, for his diaries are full of entries having to do with dinner and overnight guest.
Accounts do not agree as to just when Captain Harper moved from Philadelphia to Alexandria. It appears to have been some time between 1773 and 1775, most likely in 1774. He and William Hartshorne were still partners when they first came to Alexandria, for Harrison, in "Landmark of Old Prince William," lists twenty firms -- merchants and factors -- that were located in Alexandria in 1775, and places Harper & Hartshorne, wheat purchasers, number four on this list. Jackson, however, indicates that this partnership was dissolved sometime in 1775, after which Captain John Harper went on by himself to become a prosperous shipping merchant and respected citizen of Alexandria. he was elected a member of the first City Council of Alexandria in 1779; Robert T. Hooe was Mayor.
Captain John's shipping business was conducted from Harper's Wharf on the Potomac River, at the foot of Prince Street in Old Alexandria. At that time, this city was a well-known port for ocean-going sailing ships, by Georgetown, a few miles farther upriver, later took some of the commercial business away from Alexandria. Captain John owned a fleet of sailing ships in which he exported grain, flour, tobacco, and other commodities to foreign countries. Islands of the Caribbean and various South American cities were frequent ports of call for his ships. It is interesting to note that in the latter part of the nineteenth century the Posomac River was famous for its sturgeon and the caviar of exceptionally high quality obtained from them. The river must have been well-stocked with other fish, as well; Captain John Harper sold on commission Washington's whole catch of herring, as they came.
Although a Pennsylvania Quaker, and therefore a non-combatant, Captain John was in sympathy with the colonies. In early 1775, when Washington was equipping the independent companies of Prince William and Fairfax Counties in Virginia, Captain John procured ammunition, casks of powder, drums and colors from Philadelphia for three fo these companies. Captain John Harper is listed in the DAR Patriots Index.
Captain John purchased a great deal of real estate in Alexandria and Fairfax County. Some of that in Fairfax was so extensive that portions were divided into lots and sold to the public, shortly after the Revolution. His remaingin holdings still were such as to cause several historians to remark that on his death Captain John left a house and lot to each of his twenty-nine children! Those were slight overstatements; all his twenty-nine children were not even liveing when Captain John died. Many who were alive at that time, and even some of his grandchildren who had lost their Harper parents, did receive real property, though, and many of these parcels of land did have houses on them.
In his early years in Alexandria, Captain John's sea captains needed houses nearby for their families. Several of these captains lived in houses built by Captain John shortly after the Revolution; these were in the 100-200 blocks of Prince Street, on lots that had been bought by Captain John from John Hough of Loudon County in June of 1772. This is one example of his foresight and planning. The houses Captain John built on the north side of the 100 block of Prince Street, in one of which he, himself, once lived, are known to this day as "Captain's Row." They are still occupied, and bear the city's historical markers alongside their front doors. This block of Prince Street is still paved with the original cobblestones; even the springs and rubber tires of modern automobiles do not appreciable dampen out the jolts caused by these round-topped stones, said to have arrived as ballast in returning ships.
Captain John also bought an estate for himself in adjoining Fairfax County, called "Walnut Hill". It was very near Ash Grove, the home at that time of Bryan, Lord Fairfax, who was his intimate friend and whose estate he administered in 1802. Several of Captain John's children were born at Walnut Hill. In the latter part of his life, Captain John built two brick houses on the east side of Washington Street in Alexandria, just south of Prince Street. These also are still occupied; it was in one of them that he die in 1804.
Captain John Harper was a Federalist and was one of several men appointed Justices of the Peace by President John Adams on 3 March, 1801, the last day Adams was in office. Although the appointments were made, signed, confirmed by the Senate and sealed, four of them -- including Captain John Harper's -- were not delivered. Jefferson, upon coming into office, at once ordered these commissions withheld, saying that they had been crowded in by Adams at the last moment formen known to be his political enemies, and were "an outrage to decency." There was quite an uproar, and a Surpreme Court case over this action (Marbury-Madison case), but the commissions never were delivered.
Many of Captain John's children and grandchildren became prominent and well known in the Alexandria area, and married into other highly-regarded families. (see family pages for marriages of Captain John's children).
Birthday Balls, in honor of former President George Washington, were held annually for may years in Alexandria. On the occasion of Washington's last Birthday Ball, held on 11 February, 1799, at the famous Gadsby's Tavern in Alexandria, the Alexandria Artillery, commanded by Captain William Harper, fired a special salute. Among the ladies invited to this Ball were Mrs. Edward harper (wife of Captain John's son Edward), Mrs. Samuel Harper (probable the wife of another son of Captain John) and three Miss Harpers. Note that Washington's birthday was 11 February under the Old Style calendar; it was changed to 22 February after his dath because of the eleven days dropped in 1752 when the Gregorian Calendar was adopted by England.
Both Captain John Harper and his son Captain William were members of the Masonic "Lodge of Washington" in Alexandria. This was Lodge No. 22 A.F. & A.M., of which George Washington was the first Worshipful Master. Members of this lodge participated as a unit in the funeral ceremonies for George Washington.
Although Captain John Harper was a Quaker in Philadelphia, many of whom were driven away from there by persecution on account of their aversion to warfare, he became a Presbyterian in Alexandria; virtually all the members of his family were members of this same faith. Initially, they were members of the Frist Presbyterian Church, better known as the Old Presbyterian Meeting House, on South Fairfax Street. The Register of Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Funerals of this church is full of the names of members of Harper families, those they married, and their children. In march, 1817, thirty-nine people (men and women) broke away from the First Churhc and formed the Second Presbyterian Churhc of Alexandria. At least ten of these were Harpers, many of whom became leaders in the new church. This, however, was after the death of Captain John.
Captain John Harper died 7 May, 1804, in his house on Washington Street in Alexandria. There were no official death certificates at that time, but the church Register shows his death at the age of 76 years to have been due to "Old age." Captain John was buried in the graveyard of the Old Presbyterian Meeting House. His grave is near those of two of his daughters, Mary Vowell, wife of Thomas Vowell, and Margaret (Peggy) Vowell, wife of John C. Vowell. Captain John's son Edward, who married Rosalie Hickerson of Down, Ireland, died in 1830 at the age of 40 years, of consumption; he also is reported to be buried in this graveyard. Captain John's grave, that of his son Captain William Harper, and that of Captain Geroge North (of whom, more later) are now uner the enlarged church, close to the north wall.


Of the twenty reported children of Captain John Harper and his first wife, Sarah Wells, only fourteen are named in his will. The other six must have died earlier without issue. At that time, a relatively high proportion of all children appeared to die either in infancy or before reaching adulthood. Even among adults, there were many deaths attributed to consumption, pleurisy, and fevers of various kinds. This high death rate among children and young adults probably necessitated the large families so often seen at that time; they served to insure survival of the family.

Letter from William Walton Harper to Samuel D. Harper.
(Typed from a photocopy of original handwritten letter which is in the possession of Mrs. Lawrence T. Allison, Colorado Springs, Colorado.)

Orange, VA
(written prior June, 1905)

Mr. Samuel D. Harper
Jackson, Miss.,

My Dear Sir,
I am in receipt of your esteemed letter of the 9th inst., and take pleasure in giving you some of the genealogy of the Harpers.
the Harper genealogy extends back to the period of the year 900 A.D. in England, and is exceedingly interesting reading in all its details. The Harpers were of the Nobility of Englnad, they were Barons, and were by marriage, connected with Lords, Earls, Dukes & C of the highest and most influential in the realm of Old England.
John Harper, a son of Sir robert Harper, Kent, descended from Sir John Harper, Kent, who with his sons, Sir Henry, Sir Robert and Sir William Harper, all of them crusaders under King Richard of England, were created Knights by the King for daring exploits on the battle fields of Ascaton, Acre, and Jerusalem, in the Holy Land.
Lional Lee the ancestor of the Virginia Lees, was knighted at same time by the King. The said John harper, Kent, son of Sir John harper, Kent, while yet in England, bought of WM Penn, 500 acres of land near Philadelphia, PA and willed it to his son, Robert Harper, who was in Philadelphia, but it was only a life interest, so that at the death of said Robert the land should be owned by John Harper a grandson of said John and son of said Robert Harper, this John Harper, the grandson, was born in Philadelphia in Oct. 1728, and removed to and settled in Alexandria, VA before 1776, became wealthy in the South American and West Indian Trade. Owned ships & C died and was buried in Alex. VA.
Capt. Wm Harper a son of said John Harper who was called Capt John Harper, left college when he was only 16 years old, joined the army and crossed the Delaware with Washingtons army, and fought in the battles of Trenton, Monmouth, Princeton, Brandywine, Germantown, and else were, and all his expenses were paid by his father, making his services free to the Government. Capt Wm Harper married Miss Mary Scull, her father, grandfather, and great grandfather, held the office of Surveyor Generals of the Penn. Colony from 1719 to 1760. One of the family was a Major in the Continental army, and was Sect. of Board of war. Another one was an officer in the Navy and died a glorious death while in battle on his warships. Several of this family were in the continental army. The Sculls and Biddles were relatives Hon. Nicholas Biddle Pres. of the Old Government Bank in Phil. was her uncle. James Biddle was Vice Pres. of penn. while Benjamine Franklin was its Pres. Capt. Wm Harper married his wife in the parlor of the house of many parlors built by John Penn, a son of Wm Penn and was occupied by the early Governors, of Penn.
This Capt. Wm Harper was the father of your grandfather Samuel Davis Harper. He died in Alexandria in about 1829. His father Capt John harper died in Alex. in 1804, both buried there. In 1793. Capt. Wm Harper with his artillery company went with Genl Washington to the city of Washington to lay the corner stone of the U.S. Capitol.
On the return of the soldiers to Alex. they with Washington marched to the country seat of Capt Wm Harper called Rose Hill near Alex. and partook of a Sumptous dinner, and Washington christened the place, Federal Hill by which name it is now known. Capt. Wm Harper was amember of Washington Lodge of Masons, while Washington was its Master. When Washington was buried, Capt Wm Harper with his company at Mt Vernon, fired the munute gun of the Four Leutenants of the 106. VA regiment who carried the body of Washington from the Mansion to his tomb, the wife of Wm Moss, a lawyer, of Fairfax Co, VA was a sister of Capt. Wm Harper. The wife of George Wise sq. was a Newton, a sister of my mother, Robert Harper a brother of Capt Wm Harper amrried Sarah Washington daughter of Col. John Washington of Westmoreland Co VA a near blooded relation of Genl. Washington. The wife of John Harper, another brother of Capt. Wm Harper, was a daughter of Col. John West 6th in descent from Hon. John West Governor of VA Colony in 1635, and a brother of Lord Delaware. She was an aunt of the wife of Col. Samuel Washington the eldest brogher of Genl. George Washington. Samuel Harper another brother of Capt. Wm Harper, married Sarah Brooke daughter of Dr. Richard of Marlborough, MD, whose wifes mother was a neice of Lord Baltimore. Dr. Brookes grandfather was a nephew of Lord Baltimore. His wife Sarah was a neice of Col. John Smith of the British Guards, a nephew of Lord Baltimore.
Sarah Harper a sister of Capt. William Harper married --- Lloyd, and their son John Lloyd married harriet Ann Lee, a granddaughter of Richard Henry Lee of 1776 fame Signer of the of the Declaration of Independance a near relative of Light Horse Harry Lee of 1776, the father of Genl. Robert E Lee and of the late Genl. Fitzhugh Lee exgovenor of VA and Genl. in the U.S. Army.
Your grandfather, Samuel D Harper, married Sarah North, a daughter of Capt. George North, a Revolutionary soldier, who died Dec. 29, 1814. There is a monument to his memory in the Presbyterian Cemetary at Alex. VA. Col. Wm D North and Rev. Green North were brothers of Mrs. George North.

2. i. JOHN7 HARPER, b. 03 Oct 1728, Philadelphia, PA; d. 07 May 1804, Alexandria, VA.

Generation No. 2

2. JOHN7 HARPER (ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 03 Oct 1728 in Philadelphia, PA (Source: (1) Sarah T.L. Anderson, "Lewises, Meriwethers & Their Kin", 1938 p 311., (2) FL Brockett, Comp., "The Lodge of Washington" 1876 p. 105., (3) Mary G Powell, "The History of Old Alexandria, VA" 1928 p 313.), and died 07 May 1804 in Alexandria, VA (Source: "Register of the Presbyterian Church of Alexandria, D.C. 1800-1861" p. 19.). He married (1) SARAH WELLS 20 Oct 1750 (Source: (1) John B. Linn & Wm H Egle ed., "Pennsylvania Marriages Prior to 1790" 1979 p. 358., (2) William Wade Hinshaw, "Encyclopedia of Amer. Quaker Genealogy Vol. 2," 1936 p 681.), daughter of JOSEPH WELLS. She was born in PA, and died Bet. 1776 - 1780. He married (2) MARY REYNOLDS 25 Nov 1782 (Source: Eliza Timberlake Davis, "Frederick County, VA Marriages (1771-1825), 1941.), daughter of JOHN REYNOLDS. She was born 04 Jun 1756 in Londonderry, Ireland, and died 1832 in Hartford, Ohio.

Notes for JOHN HARPER:
See John Lloyd ( 11/16/1775 ) for reference:

A shipbuilder of Philadelphia and Alexandria.

Father of 29 children, one of them being Sarah, who married Nicholas Warner Lloyd.

John Harper was a successful and prosperous shipbuilder in Philadelphia but moved to Alexandria with his large family. He was a Quaker, believing in pacifist principles, and Quakers were unpopular in Philadelphia at that time because they would not support the Revolutionary War. In Alexandria, John Harper built a shipping establishment on the Potomac at the foot of Princ Street, and soon became a prominent figure in the commercial life of the thriving Virginia city.

The first Harper that we know of in Pennsylvania arrived about 1680, and was named in a court case in Chester in 1682. Our ancestor John Harper was born near Philadelphia in 1728, apparently a grandson of the original settler. In 1750 he married Sarah Wells, daughter of Joseph Wells, and in the next quarter century had by her no less than 20 children whose names were duly inscribed in the Harper family Bible. The names of the first 14 and the last nine were legible, but one daughter had torn out the page reporting her date of birth, hoping to protect the secret of how old whe was! So several names, from 15 to 20, were lost.

After the death of John's wife Sarah, he remarried to Mary Caswell, a widow, daughter of John Reynolds. She presented the indefatiguable Captain Harper with nine more children, born practically up to the time of his death at the age of 76. Moreover, she also brought up three grandchildren from the first marriage -- John Lloyd, son of Sarah Harper Lloyd, and two of his female first cousins. John Harper became quite prominent in the business and community life of Alexandria. In addition to a house in the city, he bought a considerable acreage of land in nearby Fairfax County and built a home known as "Walnut Hill." He was a neighbor of Brian, Lord Fairfax, developed a warm friendship with him, and when Fairfax died in 1802 John Harper became the executor of his estate.

When Young Capt John had a vessel and engaged in West India trade. Then went Philladelphia and then Alexandria, where was engaged in West India and So. American Trade. On 1st City Council Alexandria; bought "Walnut Hill" Ffx He is buried against North wall of Old Presbyterian Meeting house graveyard.

29 children by Sarah; (most buried Presby): note: some say 20 children by Sarah and 9 by Mary

Of the twenty reported children of Captain John Harper and his first wife, Sarah Wells, only fourteen are named in his will. The other six must have died earlier without issue. At that time, a relatively high proportion of all children appeared to die either in infancy or before reaching adulthood. Even among adults, there were many deaths attributed to consumption, pleurisy, and fevers of various kinds. This high death rate among children and young adults probably necessitated the large families so often seen at that time; they served to insure survival of the family.

Source: Robert H. Wilson, "The Story of Old Town & "Gentry Row in Alexandria Virginia", 1983, p 17
May 5, 1773 Reese Meredith, prominent Philadelphia business man wrote a letter of introduction to Geo Washington on behalf of John Harper and his business partner Wm Hartshorne.

Source: Donald Jackson, ed., "The Diaries of George Washington, III" 1978 p 187
June 11, 1773 Captain John Harper and three other gentlemen (one being Ebeneezer Large) dined with George Washington at Mt. Vernon. He spent the night there and left the next morning after breakfast.

Feb 14, 1775 Stayed at Mt. Vernon with several other gentlemen.

Source: James D Munson, "Col John Carlyle, Gent. A true and Just Account of the Man and His House 1720-1780" 1986 p 111
May 1774 in response to the "Coercive Acts" instituted by the crown "The Committee of Correspondence of Alexandria VA established itself and awaited results of a Williamsburg conference on new Resolves. The Committee was John Carlyle, John Dalton, Wm Ramsay, Robert Adam, Dr. Wm Rumney, James Kirk, James Hendricks, Robert Hanson Harrison, George Gilpin, and Captain John Harper. With the exception of the doctor, they were all Merchants, including the sea captain."

Source: Mary G Powell, "The History of Old Alexandria, VA" 1928 p 318
1775 On belf of George Washington, Captain John Harper procured ammunition, casks of powder, drums, and colors from Philadelphia for three of the independent companies of Prince William and Fairfax Counties in VA

Source: "William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. II, Oct 1922, No. 4 p. 292-293
Oct 25, 1779 John Harper, Robert Harper, Joseph Harper are among 36 petitioners who were "Merchants & Adventurers to Sea, in the town of Alexandria: to the Commonwealth of VA legislature to establish of Naval Office at Alexandria.

1779 Elected member of the first city council of Alexandria

Source: "William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. I" 1921 p 63-65
May 27, 1780 Hooe & Harrisons, Richard Conway, & John Harper as Subscribers, Subjects of the State and Adventurers to Foreign Countries by Sea petitions the General Assembly of VA to reconsider the taxation of importers.

Source: "Calendar of VA State Papers. Vol 5" p. 617-619
John Harper with son John and son-in-law Jos Grenway (Greenway) & Thos Vowell, Jr. signed a petition along with 96 ohter inhabitants of Alexandria and Fairfax Co asking Gov. Henry Lee that a slave named Will, belonging to Jacob Fortney be deported instead of being executed. The offence for which he was convicted according to the laws of the Land dictate execution. The petitioners state that the Law appears to have two objects 1 - to prevent the individual from further Transgressions and 2 - deter others from the same practice. They feel the intention of the Government would be fulfilled and the feeling of humanity not offended by pardoning Will upon codition that He be shipped to some West Indies settlement and not be permitted to return.

Source: "Lewises, Merriwethers and Their Kin" by S. T. L. Scott Anderson.
"...He lost his father when a boy. He and his mother were in reduced circumstances. He overheard his uncle and a family friend urging his mother to bind him out to a trade. To this he was unwilling, so he ran away to sea."
"...on one voyage he was shipwrecked on the coast of France and swam ashore, holding his father's watch in his mouth. Eventuraly he became a large owner and accumulated quite a fortune."

"He came here (Alexandria) as a man of means, and soon became a prosperous merchant, doing business with William Hartshorne at Harper's Wharf at the foot of Prince Street.
"In 1780 Captain Harper was elected a member of the first City Council, Robert T. Hooe, Mayor. He build several of those large brick houses on the north side of Prince Street, in one of which he lived; in another Dr. Dick resided. Captain Harper also bought an estate in Fairfax County called "Walnut Hill" very near Ash Grove, the home at that time of Bryan Lord Fairfax, who was his intimate friend, and whose estate he administered in 1802.
"At Walnut Hill several of his children were born. In the latter years of his life he built the two small brick houses on Washington Street south of Prince on the east side. Here he died on May 7th, 1804. "While a non-combatant, Captain Harper was in sympathy with the colonies, and when Washington was equipping the Independent Companies of Prince William and Fairfax he procured in Philadelphia
ammunition, eight casks of powder, drums and colors for three companies.
"He was largely interested in the export to foreign countries of grain, flour and other commodities. He sold on commission Washington's whole catch of herring as they came, and is frequently mentioned in business transactions in Washington's diaries.
"Captain Harper united with the old Presbyterian Church on Fairfax Street, and was buried in the grounds there on the north side near the tomb of John Carlyle, where also a number of this children lie. He was a member of the Washington Lodge of Masons, and was present at the funeral of General Washington, where his son, Captain William Harper, commanded the Artillery Company. "There are several Harper families in Alexandria, but Captain Harper leaves here no descendant of his name with the exception of Mis Margaret Harper of Washington Street, whereas through female lines he is largely represented by the Lloyds, Booths, Garnetts, Gregorys and Uhiers. Right Reverend Arthur Lloyd of New York is his great-great-grandson, and a host of descendants may be found in the Valley of Virginia and the Middle West." Source: Mary G. Powell, "The History of Old Alexandria, Virginia" 1928 (reprinted 2000 by Willow Bend Books) PP 313-314.

Appointed: March 03, 1801, Justice of the Peace by John Adams (never delivered; nixed by Thomas Jefferson
Burial: Old Presbyterian Meeting House, Alexandria, Virginia
Diary entry: February 24, 1775, Lodged at Mt. Vernon
Elected: 1779, First city council of Alexandria, Virginia (Robt. T. Hooe, mayor)'
Member: 1775, Mason in George Washington's Lodge 22~
Nickname: 1800, "Captain John Harper"
Property: Abt. 1790, Ocean-going ships, warehouse and wharf, Alexandria, Virginia
Religion: 1775, Quaker
Residence: 1796, 209 Prince Street

Notes for SARAH WELLS:
had 20 children

A widow and daughter of John Reynolds of Winchester
One source has last name of first husband as Cunningham, the other has Caswell

Source: Eliza Timberlake Davis, "Frederick County, VA Marriages (1771-1825), 1941
States Nov. 25, 1782 John Harper married Mary Reynolds Cunningham.

Had nine children with John Harber

Children of JOHN HARPER and SARAH WELLS are:
i. JOSEPH8 HARPER, b. 27 Jul 1751, Philadelphia PA; d. 30 Nov 1809, Alexandria, VA of palsey (Source: "Register of the Presbyterian Church of Alexandria, D.C. 1800-1861" p. 19.); m. SALLY (ELIZA) PEARSON.
ii. JOHN HARPER, b. 29 May 1753, Philadelphia PA; d. Bef. 1797; m. MARGARET WEST.
3. iii. SARAH HARPER, b. 16 Apr 1755, Philadelphia PA; d. 10 Nov 1779.
iv. ROBERT HARPER, b. 02 Apr 1757, Philadelphia PA; d. Bef. 1797; m. SARAH WASHINGTON.
v. REBECCA HARPER, b. 16 Aug 1759, Philadelphia PA; d. 1803, Alexandria; m. JOSEPH GREENWAY.
4. vi. WILLIAM HARPER, b. 14 Mar 1761, Philadelphia PA; d. 18 Apr 1829, Alexandria, VA.
vii. EDWARD HARPER, b. 01 Aug 1763, Philadelphia PA; d. 04 Dec 1803, Alexandria, VA; m. ROSALIE HICKERSON.
viii. SAMUEL HARPER, b. 24 Jan 1765, Philadelphia PA; d. 25 Dec 1834, Upper Marlborough, MD; m. SARAH BROOKE, 23 Jul 1789; b. 1772.

Invited - February 22, 1799, the "birthnight Ball" - annual birthday celebration for George Washington in Alexandria, VA

ix. ELIZABETH HARPER, b. 1767, Philadelphia PA; m. THOMAS BLUCHER, Apr 1794 (Source: Register of Presbyterian church of Alexandria.); b. of Georgetown, VA.

One source has Thomas Blucher as her husband.

5. x. CHARLES HARPER, b. 07 Mar 1768, Philadelphia PA; d. 09 May 1848, Ivy, Albemarle Co., VA.
xi. FRANCES RUSH HARPER, b. 1769, Philadelphia PA; m. JOSHUA RIDDLE, Feb 1795 (Source: "Register of the Presbyterian Church of Alexandria, D.C. 1800-1861".).


xii. MARY HARPER, b. 28 Feb 1772, Philadelphia PA; d. 13 Aug 1805, Alexandria; m. THOMAS VOWELL, Sep 1794.
xiii. MARGARET HARPER, b. 1775; d. Jul 1806, Alexandria; m. JOHN CRIPS VOWELL, 28 Oct 1795.
xiv. RUTH HARPER, b. Bet. 1775 - 1781; m. WILLIAM MOSS.

Children of JOHN HARPER and MARY REYNOLDS are:
xv. ROBERT8 HARPER, b. 05 Dec 1784, Fairfax Co., VA; d. ABT 1804, Lost at sea.
xvi. JOHN HARPER, b. 04 Apr 1786; d. 1805, Drowned washed into sea in the West Indies during a storm.
xvii. SARAH HARPER, b. 08 Sep 1787.
xviii. JAMES HARPER, b. 30 Dec 1788; d. 26 Feb 1854; m. ELIZA WARD.
xix. SARAH ANN HARPER, b. 12 Dec 1790.
xx. NANCY HARPER, b. 04 May 1794, Fairfax Co., VA; d. 12 Jul 1871, Washington, IL; m. (1) (FNU) KING; m. (2) WELLS ANDREWS, 14 Sep 1819, Alexandria, VA; b. 21 Nov 1787, Hartland, CT; d. 14 Feb 1867, Washington, IL.

Born in Hartland, Connecticut on Nov 21, 1787. Graduated Jefferson College in 1812 and attended Princeton Theological Seminary 1814-16. He was licensed in 1816 and did missionary work in Bedford Co., Pennsylvania and Wilmington, North Carolina 18 16-17. He was received by the Winchester Presbytery from the Presbytery of New Brunswick November 12, 1817 and ordained January 11, 1818 of the Second Presbyterian Church of Alexandria, Virgina. He was dismissed October 29, 1824 to join D.C. Presbytery. He was the pastor of the congregation at Hartford Centre, Connecticut 1827-37 and was a pastor at Ogeithorpe University 1837-43. He joined the New School branch. He spent time in Prarie and Tremont Illinois, 1843-1855 and Washington, illinois 1856-67, all in Tazewell Co. He died in Washington, February 14, 1867 aged 79. Source: "Biographies of Early American Presbyterians" http://sdss4.physic5.lsa.Umich.ed~ 8O8O/~mckay/amckay/PreSbi0 .htm

Graduation: 1816, Princeton Theological Seminary
Moved: 1804, Hartford, Ohio
Occupation 1: 1817, Pastor, Second Presbyterian Church, Alexandria, VA
Occupation 2: 1805, taught school in Ohio

xxi. JOSHUA RIDDLE HARPER, b. 13 Apr 1796, Fairfax Co., VA; d. 26 Feb 1882, Geneseo, IL; m. SARAH THOMAS, 15 Oct 1838; b. Winthrop, ME; d. 03 Oct 1890.
xxii. RUTH (?) HARPER, b. 1798.
xxiii. SOPHIA HARPER, b. 22 Sep 1797, Alexandria; d. 12 Jan 1807, Alexandria.

Generation No. 3

3. SARAH8 HARPER (JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 16 Apr 1755 in Philadelphia PA, and died 10 Nov 1779. She married NICHOLAS WALAND LLOYD, son of THOMAS LLOYD and SUSANNA KEARNEY.

See John Lloyd ( 11/16/1775 ) for reference:
- A lady who had the distinction of being one of the 29 children of the shipbuilder John Harper, of - Philadelphia and Alexandria.

Her father strongly disapproved of her marriage and after her death raised her son as his own.

Sarah died when her son John was born or in his infancy.

For more info. about Nicholas Lloyd see notes of John Lloyd

One source has middle name as Waland

of Philadelphia

Married Sarah Harper of Alexandria against everybody's wishes. He was "dissipated"

Religion: dropped from the Society of Friends for marrying out of the Meeting and removed to Baltimore, MD

6. i. JOHN HARPER9 LLOYD, b. 16 Nov 1775, Alexandria, VA; d. 22 Jul 1854, Alexandria, VA.

4. WILLIAM8 HARPER (JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 14 Mar 1761 in Philadelphia PA, and died 18 Apr 1829 in Alexandria, VA. He married MARY SCULL 14 Jun 1781 in Philadelphia, PA at the "House of Many Parlors", daughter of WILLIAM SCULL and JANE LODGE. She was born May 1763 in Philadelphia, PA, and died 1841.

Enlisted, 1776, and was in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, and Brandywine.

Capt. William Harper commanded artillery at GW funeral

Member Abt. 1778, Lodge No. 22, AF&AM with George Wasington; particulated in his funerl
Military Service 1: 1776, Service in the Revolutionary War
Military Service 2: 1776, Crossed the Delaware with Geo. Washington
Military Service 3: 1777, Captain Robb's company, Colonel Stewart's 13th PA regiment
Nickname: 1777, "Captain"
Relationship: 1820, Was 6th of 20 Children; 14 full siblings
Residence 1: 1775, George Washington nicknamed his home "Federal Hill" after a dinner there on the day the cornerstone for the US Capitol was laid
Residence 2: 1775, 36 Washington St. Alexandria, VA

Married at the "House of Many Parlors".

Children of WILLIAM HARPER and MARY SCULL are:
7. i. WILLIAM9 HARPER, JR, b. 28 Apr 1787, Alexandria, VA; d. 01 Sep 1852, Alexandria, VA.
8. ii. JOEL ZANE HARPER, b. 16 Jun 1794, Alexandria, VA; d. 18 Oct 1864, Upperville, Fauquier Co., VA.
iii. JOHN HARPER, d. 19 Mar 1838; m. SARAH DAVIS.
iv. ROBERT HARPER, d. Bef. 1829; m. MARY A DAVIS.
9. v. SAMUEL DAVIS HARPER, b. 03 Jan 1792; d. 14 Sep 1858.
vi. CHARLES HARPER, b. 1796; d. 06 Oct 1863, Jefferson Co, VA.

Nickname 1863 "Colonel"
Residence: 1863, Shepardstown, VA

5. CHARLES8 HARPER (JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 07 Mar 1768 in Philadelphia PA, and died 09 May 1848 in Ivy, Albemarle Co., VA. He married (1) SARAH JANNEY 28 Dec 1791. He married (2) LUCY SMITHER 28 Mar 1797, daughter of MARK SMITHER and WILMOTH SYDNOR.

Came to Alexandria with his family from Philadelphia just before the REvolutionary War. He told his children how, at age 8 he helped his father hide money and other valuables from the British in the cellar. (reference: "Lewises, Meriwethers and Their Kin" By Sarah Travers Lewis (Scott) Anderson)

Moved: 1812, to "Spring Hill" in Albermarle Co., VA


iii. MARY9 HARPER, b. 23 May 1798.
iv. WILLIAM HARPER, b. 01 May 1800.
v. CHARLES BENNET HARPER, b. 13 May 1802.
vi. GABRIEL SMITHER HARPER, b. 17 May 1804; d. Jan 1872.
vii. ROBERT BURNS HARPER, b. 07 Jun 1816.
viii. LYDIA ANNA HARPER, b. 24 Feb 1809.
ix. LUCY SYDNOR HARPER, b. 08 Dec 1811, "Spring Hill", Ivy, VA; d. 04 Dec 1885, Galveston TX.
x. NANCY HARPER, b. 27 Sep 1814.
xi. ELIZA JANE HARPER, b. 27 Dec 1817.

Generation No. 4

6. JOHN HARPER9 LLOYD (SARAH8 HARPER, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 16 Nov 1775 in Alexandria, VA, and died 22 Jul 1854 in Alexandria, VA. He married (1) REBECCA JANNEY 30 Nov 1798, daughter of JOSEPH JANNEY and HANNAH JONES. She was born 14 Aug 1776 in Quaker village of Waterford in Loudoun Co, VA, and died 1819 in buried in Christ Church cemetery off wilkes Street. He married (2) ANNE HARRIOTTE LEE 02 Nov 1820 in Ellersley, Loudoun County, VA, daughter of EDMUND LEE and SARAH LEE. She was born 06 Mar 1799, and died 10 Sep 1863.

This comes from, "A Profile of JOHN LLOYD - - Alexandria Merchant and Businessman", 1775-1854; T. Michael Miller, Alexandria Library, Lloyd House, June 1984.

Born on the 16th of November, 1775, John Lloyd was the only son of Nicolas Warne Lloyd and Sarah harper of Philadelphia.(1) His maternal grandfather was the famous Capt. John Harper (1728-1804) of Revolutionary war fame. Capt. Harper, a Quaker, who was born in Philadelphia in 1728 was married twice. His first wife was Sarah Wells of Pennsylvania by whom he had 20 children. Upon her death, Mary Cunningham, a widow and daughter of John Reynolds of Winchester became his spouse. By her, he had nine children. It is thought that Capt. Harper was residing in Alexandria by 1773. Insurance records definitely place him at 209 Prince Street in 1796. Although a Quaker, Capt. Harper was instrumental in securing gunpowder from Philadelphia for the Prince William and Fairfax County militias during the revolution. After the war, he carried on an extensive merchantile and trading business at his wharf at Prince and Union Street. He later constructed a large number of homes for many of his children on the north side of the 100 block of Prince Street commonly referred to as Captain's row. Capt. Harper died in 1804, age seventy-six and was buried in the Old Presbyterian Metting House cemetery.(2)

On his paternal side, John Lloyd's ancestory can be traced back to Edward the First, King of England (1239-1307). His great-great grandfather, was Thomas Lloyd (b. 1640; d. 1694) Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania and President of the Council from 1684 to 1693. He was a graduate of Jesus College, Oxford and had studied medicine.(3)

John's grandfather, Thomas Lloyd (d. 1754) of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania married Susanna Owen, widow of Dr. Edward Owen on May 31, 1734.(4) They had a son named Nicholas Waland Lloyd who was John Lloyd's father. Nicholas was dropped from the Society of Friends for marrying out of the Meeting and removed to Baltimore, Maryland. (5) Little else is known about Nicholas or his life in Philadelphia or Baltimore. He married Sarah Harper, a daughter of Capt. John Harper and family tradition states that Lloyd was "dissipated". Their union did not have the blessing of the Harper family. As an only child, John Lloyd's parents died when he was young and he was raised by his grandfather, Capt. John Harper, a stern disciplanarian. Harper supposedly never forgave his daughter for running away with Nicholas Lloyd and thus never spoke to John about his father's background.

John Lloyd, as a charge of his grandfather, must have been familiar with the sights and sounds of the busy seaport of Alexandria in the 1770's and 80's. No doubt, he was influenced by his grandfather's business acumen and insight.

Lloyd first emerges from the shadowy pages of the past as an entry in the 1796 Alexandria tax records.(6) This document asserts that he rented a lot on Duke Street from Joseph Coleman that year. In 1797, John Lloyd advertised in the "Alexandria Advertiser Times" for a runaway apprentice:

3 Pence Reward

Ran Away from the subscriber, on the 8th instant an apprentice boy, named John Hilliar; about 14 years of age: his parents live in or near Leesburg, and it is supposed that he is not far from them. The above reward will be given for him without thanks.(7)

On November 30, 1798, John married Rebecca Janney, daughter of Joseph and Hannah (Jones) Janney of Pennsylvania. She was born in Alexandria on August 14, 1776.(8) As a result of marrying out side her religion, Rebecca was dismissed form the Fairfax Quaker Assembly on May 25, 1799 but was later re-instated on September 23, 1809.(9) During their nineteen years of marriage, John and Rebecca sired eight children. These included the following offspring:

Nicholas Waln Lloyd, born: 28 October 1801; died young.

Horatio Nelson Lloyd, born: 2 January 1804. died unmarried in Mississippi, 13 March 1860

Selina Lloyd, Born: 30 September 1807; died: 4 August 1871; married 28 September 1830,Charles Levin Powell - 7 children

Alfred Lloyd, born: 1811, died: age one year

Richard Henry Lloyd, born: 15 July 1815; died: 24 February 1883; married (1) Mary Fife - one child, married (2) Elizabeth Jenkins, 5 children - Home - "Balmont", Now St. Agnes School.

Frederick Lloyd, born: October 1817; died: 28 November, 1868; merried 1852 - Lucy Lee Powell, daughter of Alfred Harrison Powell - no issue.

(Notes of Mahlon Hopkins Janney, 1812 K street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006, 1956. 28 August 1966, age 85; son of Mahlon Hopkins & ... Jameson Janney. Buried St. Paul's Cemetery, Alexandria, Virginia.

*Children of John Janney and Eliza Armistead Selden Lloyd

Mary Bowles - died young

Rebecca Janney married Rev. Henry Melville Jackson - one son - died young

John Janney Lloyd, Jr. - married Ella Hubard - 5 children

Nellie Selden Lloyd, born: 3 March 1853, died: 15 March 1931; married August 8, 1876, George Uhler, born: 9 January 1849; died: 11 December 1925. They had Katharine Griffith, John Lloyd**, and Nellie Selden Uhler**

Eliza Fontaine Lloyd, married: (1) Rowland D. Burks - daughter Eliza Fontaine Lloyd, (2) Clarence Woolfolk - son, clarence Alexander Woolfolk, married: Zoe ..., no issue.

Arthur Selden Lloyd, married: 30 June 1880, Elizabeth Robertson Blackford, died: March 1932; He was born at "Mt. Ida," Alexandria County, Virginia 3 May 1857, died: 22 July 1936 at Stanford, County. There were six children: Arthur - died young, Mary robertson married Rev. Edmund Pendleton Dandridge - 2 children, Elizabeth and Edmund: Elizabeth Blackford married Charles j. Symington, died: 5 November 1958, - 4 children: Gay Blackford married Rev. Churchill Gibson in 1913, was born 1888, died: 5 October 1960 - 4 children: John died: 1922 of World War I wounds, unmarried; Rebecca married Gavin Hadden - he died 195_, she 7 December 1964, issue 5 children.

**Eliza Armistead Selden Uhler married Thomas anderson Sommers - issue 2; son & Rebecca Lloyd Uhler married Charles Calvert Smoot, III, issue 4; 3 daughters & 1 son - John Lloyd Uhler married Bertha Marr Stevenson - issue 1 daughter - died young; Katherine Griffith Uhler - unmarried.

(Ref. Seldens of Virginia and Allied Families, mary Selden Kennedy, 1911 - 2 Volumes - Frank Allaben Gen. Co. and Obit. notices)

Rebecca LLoyd died in 1819 and was interred in Christ Church cemetery off Wilkes Street. One year - later John married into the famous Lee family of Virginia. His bride was Ann Harriott Lee, eldest daughter of Edmund Lee, lawyer and former mayor of Alexandria. They were married at Ellersley, Loudoun, County, Virginia by Rev. Norris on November 9, 1820.(10) Anne Harriott was born March 6, 1799, and was the first cousin of Robert E. Lee. John Lloyd had six children by Ann and they were:

Edmund Jennings Lloyd - born; August 27, 1822; died: October 1, 1889. According to the 1880 census Edmund owned the Lloyd House during that time frame. he never married and his occupation is listed as "gentleman."

"...He was a captain in the commissary department of the Confederate service during the war." (Civil War) Alexandria Gazette, 10/2/1889, p. 3.

Rebecca Lloyd - born: June 7, 1824; died: July 17, 1873. She married Dr. John Prosser Tabb of Gloucester county, Virginia and had 5 children: John, Matilda Prosser, John Lloyd, John Prosser, and Rebecca Lloyd Tabb.

Anne Harriotte - Born: January 7, 1826; died: June 23, 1888. Anne married the Rev. John Stearns and had four children: Mary who married William Hoge; John, Rebecca, who married William Hastings; and Lawrence Stearns. Recently, Mrs. Byron White donated som 700 letters of Anne Harriotte Stearns to the Lloyd House manuscript collection. (1984)

George Francis Lloyd - born: October 28, 1828; died: October 1866. He married Mary Pindle Hammond and sired three children: Nelson, who married a Miss Morris; Nannie, who married Robert Hare Delafield; Francis Frederick, who married a Miss Taylor.

Jean Charlotte Washington Lloyd* - born: 1842; died: ? She married Capt. Philip Tabb yeatman, C.S.S., in 1867. Yeatman was living at 220 N. Washington Street (Lloyd House) in 1895-96 according to Richmond's Alexandria Directory. He was a captain in the 26th Virginia Infantry (Wise's Brigade) during the Civil War. Yeatman was born November 28, 1829 and died March 18, 1897. Interment took place in christ Church Cemetery. After the Civil War, Philip was a clerk with an unidentified company in Alexandria. During the Yeatman occupancy of the Lloyd House, the United Daughters of the Confederacy was formed there in 1895. Jean Charlotte Yeatman must have been one of its charter members.

Mary Lee Lloyd* - born: 18__; died: 19__, Mary Lloyd was probably the last member of the family to occupy 220 N. Washington Street and the last member of the Lee family to reside in the structure.

(The above material is liberally quoted from E.J. Lee, "Lees of Virginia", P. 381. *Indicates the members of the Lloyd family probably born at 220 North Washington Street.)

During his lifetime, John Lloyd resided in several Alexandria locales. Tax records and newspaper advertisements are useful tools in determining many of these sites.

In 1797, Lloyd is listed as renting a house and office from Jacob Leah valued at $400.(11) From 1801 to 1821, insurance maps and tax assessment records place him on South Fairfax Street approximately where the current Burke and Herbert parking lot is now situated. He first rented and later purchased several buildings on the 100 block of South Fairfax Street. these included a three story dwelling house, warehouse, carriage house and stable. (See Appendix A) Initially these structures belonged to Eleanor Doll and George Cooke. They owed John Lloyd $100, 000 which they failed to pay. On the 20th of December 1815, lloyd purchased the above mentioned structures for $5,000 on an unexpired lease from the Bank of the Potomac. In 1826, many of these buildings were put up for sale:
Public Sale

On Monday the first day of January next, at 10 o'clock A.M. the subscriber will offer at Public Sale, on the premises, that valuable

Lot of Ground and Improvements

Fronting on Fairfax and Water streets, between King and Prince streets, now in the tenure of Wm. F. Thornton, and lately occupied by John Lloyd. The lot fronts on Fairfax and Water streets 26 feet 5 inches on the former and 24 feet nine inches on the later. It extends northwardly to Swift's Alley on which it binds 60 feet.

The improvements consist of a three story Brick Dwelling House and Store on Fairfax Street, a Brick Stable and Carriage House, and a three story Brick Warehouse on the Alley.

The above sale will be made under the authority of a deed of trust from Geo. Janney to the subscriber.

Terms cash.

R.J. Taylor, Trustee(13)

609 Oronoko Street - 1821 - 1823

Just after John Lloyd married Anne Harriott Lee, He and his new bride moved into this Lee home. Formerly it had been owned by John Hopkins, Richmond banker, who married Cornelia Lee, daughter of William Lee of Greenspring. No doubt, Harriott wanted to be close to her Lee relatives on the corner - her father, Edmund J. Lee resided across the street at 428 North Washington Street; the Kendalls who were her cousins lived at 429 North Washington Street (Lee-Fendall House) and Robert E. Lee and his mother Ann rented 607 Oronoko.

It is not positively known where John Lloyd domiciled from 1823 until 1833. Possibly, he lived at Salisbury, his farm in Fairfax County. (see page 13). In 1832, however, he bought the dwelling at 220 North Washington Street.

220 North Washington Street

Upon the death of the widow Hooe, 220 North Washington Street was auctioned off. Benjamin Hallowell, Quaker schoolmaster, had previously conducted a school there. He had hoped to purchase the property but was outbid by John Lloyd who paid $3,450 for the site.(14) In a 1832 real estate advertisement, the house was described as "a spacious brick dwelling now occupied and used as the 'Alexandria Boarding School' by B. Hallowell."(15) The residence was not formally conveyed to Lloyd until March 11, 1835. For the next 19 years, he would reside here with his family until his death in 1854. The home would remain in the Lloyd family until 1918.

Unfortunately, there is not available a wealth of information to flesh out the character of John Lloyd. A guage of his civic mindedness, however, can be measured by the number of social organizations in which he participated.

The February 27, 1819, edition of the Alexandria Gazett mentioned that John Lloyd was a member of the Washington Society. This association was formed in 1800 shortly after the death of George Washington. composed of some of the most influencial patricians of Alexandria, its goals were to perpetuate the memory of the America's first President and to raise funds for the Washington Free school. Each year on the 22nd of February and the 4th of July, the society would lead a parade to the Presbyterian church for an edifying oration. Then after the speech, the membership would retire to a tavern for festivities. Notable orators who spoke before the society included: Richard Bland Lee, Francis Scott Key, Chief Justice John Marshall.(16) Other members included: William Fitzhugh, Dr. E.C. Dick, Wm. Herbert, Jacob Hoffman, Anthony C.Cazenove, Edmund J. Lee, Lewis Hipkins, Philip R. Fendall, Geo. Washington Parke custis, General Light Horse Harry Lee, John Marshall.

Established in 1786, the Alexandria Academy was a seminal keystone in the educational heritage of Alexandria. It is located on the southside of the 600 block of Wolfe Street. Three stories high, the first contained the English school, the second, the language school and on the third was situated the Free School established by George Washington's annual contribution of L 50. Robert E. Lee as well as the renown artist John Gadsby Chapman attended school in this building. It later reverted to private hands circa 1853 when Edward Powell bought it. The school is thought to have been the oldest free school established in Virginia, if not the United States. John Lloyd was a trustee of this venerable Alexandria institution in 1833(17). It is obviously that Lloyd was concerned with the quality of education in the community and tried to assist the underpriviledged.

Although John Lloyd was civic minded, it was also necessary for him to provide food, clothing, shelter and to manage the financial affairs of his family. To this end, he was constantly engaged in several business enterprises during his lifetime.

The 1799 Alexandria city census listed his occupation in that year as a "hatter" who had 3 apprentices working for him.(18) Perhaps, his shop was situated in the complex of buildings he rented on South Fairfax Street. Later, he expanded his commercial activities and became a full fledge commercial merchant. In November, 1807, he ran the following advertisement in the Gazette:
has received from the William and John and the George from Liverpool a general assortment of
Which are for sale on the usual terms.(19)
Later, in 1816, it was reported that John Lloyd:
Offers for sale by the piece or package, a general and well selected assortment of seasonable
imported by the latest arrival, in well assorted packages and will be at the unusual low advance, and on credit.(20)

Besides being a commercial merchant, Lloyd was also engaged in other business affairs. For instance in 1824, 1825, and 1827, he was elected one of the directors of the bank of the Potomac.(21) Established in 1804, this was the second bank to be organized in Alexandria and the Dirstict of Columbia. It was headquartered in a beautiful four story brick structure located at 415 Prince Street. When foreign trade was high in Alexandria, this bank met a real need for capital.

Like many wealthy Alexandria merchants, John Lloyd owned extensive tracts of real estate both in and outside of town. One transaction which involved five houses on the east side of South Washington Street is particulary noteworthy because these group of buildings still bear the appellation "Lloyd's Row." the history of this row can be traced to June 26, 1814, when Jonathan Scholfield, merchand, indemnified Andrew Scholfield, lumber merchant, against the responsibility for endorsing several notes of the firm Scholfield and Scott. In order to accomplish this, Jonathan conveyed to Robert J. Taylor, a prominant Alexandria lawyer, in TRUST, a lot of ground on the North side of Duke and on the East side of the 200 block of South Washington Street containing 5, 3 story brick tenements.(22) Taylor auctioned off the properties to Lloyd on October 1816. Scholfield was also indebted to John Lloyd for a sum of $18,000. In a deed signed on May 1, 1816, Lloyd agreed to assume Scholfields $14,325.95 debt at the Union Bank together with a note for $4,105.03. In turn, Scholfield conveyed to him 2,633 shares of stock in the bank to cover the assumption.(23) After Scholfield defaulted, Lloyd purchased the 5 brick houses from Robert J. Taylor on October 29, 1816: 3 tenements for $1,625; middle tenement for $825 and the most southern tenement at $1,936. These houses remained in the Lloyd family for many years and were rented to a variety of individuals. An assortment of real estate advertisements concerning them from the "Alexandria Gazette" appear below:

A commodious 3 story brick dwelling house on Washington street lately occupied by Mr. John Jackson...

J. Lloyd Gazette 1/1/1820

...The 3 story brick House on Washington street, a pleasant and healthy situation at present occupied by Mrs. Jacobs.

Gazette 9/21/1827, p.2.

The dwelling houses, lately occupied by Mr. James C. Berry and Mr. Jonathan Janney, a pleasant and healthy situation on Washington street.

Gazette 5/21/1828, p. 3.

The three story brick dewlling house on Washington street, at present occupied by Mr. Caruisi.

Gazette 10/13/1831

The building lately occupied by Mrs. Porter as a Boarding School for young ladies at the intersection of Washington and Duke streets which from their locality and arrangement are considered admirably adapted for the purpose. Should they not shortly be taken together they will be rented separately. ...

John Lloyd Gazette 8/12/1834, p. 3

...Two or three of the 3 story brick dwelling houses in the row, on Washington street will be rented immediately . . .

Gazette 5/25/1840, p. 3

The 2 and 3 story brick dwelling houses on Washington street near the Lyceum, lately occupied by Mr. John Douglass and Mr. E.S. Hough.

Gazette 11/12/1844, p. 3

The house on Washington Street in Lloyd's Row, now occupied by Mr. Perry. ...

Gazette 2/28/1854, p. 3.

Lloyd's Row almost went up in flames in 1852 when a young white girl set fire to one of the dwellings on the block. It was reported that:

An attempt was made yesterday to fire one of the block of buildings on Washington Street, known as Lloyd's Row. The fire was kindled in the cellar of the house, so as to communicate with the wood, but was fortunately discovered before it made much progress.(24)

A small white girl, employed as a domestic in a family, in town, has within the last few days, confessed to the perpetration of a number of pretty larcencies, in the house where she is employed - stealing rings, small sums of money, and finally ended in making the attempt to set fire to the dwelling in Lloyd's row, to which reference was made a day or two ago. The girl had false keys, and represents that she was induced to commence her depredations by communications with the gypsies who recently passed through this place.(25)

Indebted to William Fowle for $2,040 in 1838, Lloyd pledged one of the houses on the row as security. If he had failed to pay off his incumbrance, the property could have been sold at public auction.(26) Since it wasn't, it is an indicaction that the debt was paid.

Another historic property which John Lloyd owned and rented was the Carlyle House. John Carlyle was a prominent Scottish merchant, trustee and early founder of the town of Alexandria. he started construction of this lovely Georgian Mansion on North Fairfax Street between Cameron and King in 1750. Long a town landmark, the Carlyle House has been associated with many important events in Alexandria's history. Most notable was the meeting of Royal Governors and General Edward Braddock who met there in 1755 to plan the campaign against the French in the Ohio valley. By 1780, the home had been inherited by Carlyle's grandson John Carlyle Herbert. He later removed to Maryland and the structure and grounds were conveyed to a group of Alexandria businessmen to repay a debt owed by Herbert's brother - Thomas. (27) One of these businessmen was John Lloyd.

On April 8, 1831, Lloyd sold the dwelling house and other structures on the property to Orlando morse for $2,300. the deed read:

...Beginning on Fairfax Street at the house formerly occupied by Wm. Herbert as an office thence South on Fairfax Street to the said house formerly occupied by Herbert as a kitchen. ....

Morse owed Lloyd several thousand dollars and he immediately placed the house in a trust held by Edmund J. Lee and R.J. Taylor in order to cover the debt.(29) Apparently, Morse was unable to fulfill his financial obligation because the property reverted back to John Lloyd on June 25, 1834. (30)

As early as December 1833, however, Lloyd had been trying to rent or sell the Carlyle House:

...The commodious Stone Dwelling House on Fairfax street, near the Bank of Alexandria, formerly the residence of William Herbert, Esq. The House last mentioned, with the large and valuable lot, will be sold on reasonable terms. ...

Not successful in selling the property, Lloyd offered the structure as a possible site for the new city and county courthouse to be constructed in Alexandria in 1838. this proposal was rejected and Lloyd continued to lease the premises to a number of renters until it was sold to James Green, a noted Alexandria furniture manufacture, in 1848.(32)

Planned and incorporated in 1808 by Alexandria merchants, this turnpike was constructed as an all weather road between Alexandria and farmland in Fauquier and Culpeper county. It was completed in December 1827 at approximately $2,000 a mile but failed to make a profit for its investors. The Virginia State Board of Public Works authorized $30,000 to be raised by a lottery in 1828 for improvements and repairs. John Lloyd was a director of the turnpike Company as early as February 1825 and continued to serve in that capacity as least until 1832.(33)

To provide foodstuffs and agricultural produce for his family, John Lloyd owned several farms in Fairfax County. One of these was called Salisbury and was located on the "old road from Alexandria to Aldie and (was) about equidistant (2 miles) from the Little River Turnpike and Fauquier Turnpike roads."(34) When the Salisbury farm was offered for sale in 1827, a thorough description of the estate was enclosed:

A valuable farm of 1300 acres, 8 miles from Alexandria Georgetown and Washington, in a pleasant neighborhood in the upper part of Fairfax County Virginia.

Nearly one half of this tract is in wood, the remainder is cleared and well fenced, and the last two years sufficiently demonstrate, that by the use of plaster, is susceptible of great and rapid improvement. The land is admirably adapted for grass, is well watered and unusually healthy. About 100 acres of meadow land are now cleared, and as much more, at least, remains to be cleared. The Orchards are very large, young and productive.

There is a commodious dwelling House, with a large Garden, Dairy, Ice House, and every other necessary out building; together with a Pump, affording delightful water, and a never failing Spring. The Stables are extensive, the Barn capacious, and the Cyder House with a complete cyder mill and screw press, substantially made and conveniently arranged. The whole is in a good state of repair.

The farm is abundantly stocked with horses, oxen, hogs, cattle and sheep - the last constisting of a flock of about 300, mostly marionoes; wagons, carts, and every impliment of husbandry necessary for its cultivation.

... I have also several small Farms, within 10 or 12 miles of Alexandria, Geogretown, or Washington, on the Little River Turnpike Road, which would be rented to suitable tenants for a number of years on accomodating terms.

Salisbury, 5th April, 1827. (35)

No doubt, Salisbury, would have also served as a lovely retreat for the Lloyd family during the hot, torpid Virginia summers. Perhaps, Lloyd resided here from 1824 to 1832. its close proximity to the Fauquier Turnpike would have been extremely advantagous for him to ship vegetables and cereal grains to the prot of Alexandria. As a director of the Fauguier Turnpike Company, he was in a key position to see that the road adjacent to Salisbury was properly maintained.

During the tragic fire of 1827 which destroyed over $100,000 worth of real estate in Alexandria, John Lloyd lost several commercial buildings, Noticable were: "a frame house occupied by Mr. Laughlin Masters as shoemaker; a frame warehouse owned jointly with Mordecai Miller and occupied by George Hill, tinner and coppersmith;... A two story frame house...occupied by Richard Horwell, suspender manufacture."(36) Many of these structures were located on Prince and Fairfax Streets where the most extensive damage occured. Fortunately, several of the buildings were insured.

1799 Census says he was a hatter

After a long and prosperous life, John Lloyd died on July 22, 1854. In his will he directed that all his debts be paid and be bequeathed all his estate, real and personal to wife Anne Harriott. This was to be utilized for her support and that of Jane or Mary while they remained unmarried. If Anne remarried his estate would be divided into as "Many equal parts as may be necessary... two of said parts to Edmund J. Lee of Shepherdstown, Virginia to be held in trust for the use of Anne (Lloyd) wife of Rev. J. Stearns..."

"Two other equal parts were devised to Jane, and two equal parts to Mary Lloyd ..."

After John Lloyd's death, Anne, his wife, continued to reside at Lloyd House, 220 North Washington Street until the early 1860's when the Civil War forced her to emigrate to Gloucester Virginia where she died on September 9, 1863, at the home of Dr. John P. Tabb after a brief illness of two days. Her body was returned to Alexandria after the Civil War and interred beside that of her beloved husband in Christ Church cemetery on Wilkes Street. Lloyd House remained in the family until 1918.


See John Lloyd ( 11/16/1775 ) for reference:

Religion: was dismissed from the Fairfax Quaker Assembly on May 25, 1799 but was later re-instated on September 23, 1809

A copy of a letter from Mr. Hopkins states: Rebecca's birth as 1774. My sister Rebecca Hopkins Hammer in Gloucester, VA, has a sampler (below) on her wall done by Rebecca Janney in 1784 "in her tenth year." You have Rebecca born in 1776, which is obviously incorrect.

Rebecca Janney came from the old Quaker village of Waterford in Loudoun County and was a sister of an important Alexandria merchant, John Janney, through whom she and John Lloyd must surley have become acquainted. Rebecca was the sister also of Hannah Janney, who married Samuel Hopkins of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and was the mother of Johns Hopkins and his brothers and sisters.

In 1784 as a little girl of ten, Rebecca wrote a verse that reads as follows:

Few are thy days, a full of woe,
O man of woman born;
Thy doom is written, dust thou are,
And shalt to dust return.
Determined are the days they fly
Successive o'er thy head;
The Numbered hour is on the wing
That lays thee with the dead.

- Grandaughter of Richard Henry Lee
- 1st cousin of Robert E. Lee

****-CONTINUED from notes about John Lloyd (ran out of space under his name)
1. COLONIAL FAMILIES OF THE U.S. OF AMERICA, ed. George Norbury, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1966), p. 317
2. Gay Montague Moore, SEAPORT IN ALEXANDRIA, (Richmond, Virginia: Garrett-Massie, Inc.), p. 160-161.
3. James Parke, GENEALOGICAL NOTES RELATING TO PHILADELPHIA...1898, Library of Congress, CS 71.L792, p. 12
4. IBID., p. 19
5. Alexander C. Zabriskie, ARTHUR SELDEN LLOYD, (NY: Morehouse - Gorham Co., 1942), p. 3.
6. Alexandria 1796 Tax records, Alexandria Library Lloyd House, microfilm role No. #1
7. ALEXANDRIA ADVERTISER TIMES, August 24, 1797, p. 3
8. William Wade Hinshaw, ed., ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICA QUAKER GENEALOGY, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1973), Vol. VI, p. 521.
9. IBID., p. 527, 528
10. MARRIAGE AND DEATH NOTICES FROM THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER, 1800 TO 1850, Alexandria Library, Lloyd House, microfilm No. 00064.
11. Alexandria tax records 1797, Alexandria Library, Lloyd House, microfilm reel no. 00027.
12. Alexandria Deed Book Z, p. 450
13. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, October 2, 1826, p. 3.
14. Alexandria Deed Book, D3, p. 165.
15. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, August 12, 1834, p. 3.
16. Robert G. Whitton, "The Washington Society of Alexandria," ALEXANDRIA HISTORY, Vol. IV, p. 5
17. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, April 20, 1833, p. 3.; Ethelyn Cox, STREET BY STREET, (Alexandria, Va.: Historic Alexandria Foundation, 1976), p. 182.
18. Alexandria City Census, 1799, Alexandria Library, Lloyd House, microfilm no. 00025
19. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, November 12, 1807.
20. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, October 22, 1816, p. 2.
21. IBID., November 4, 1824, p. 3; November 5, 1827
22. Alexandria Deed Book, E2, p. 50
23. Alexandria Deed Book, C2, p. 277
24. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, May 4, 1852, p. 3
25. IBID., May 6, 1852, p. 3.
26. Alexandria Deed Book, X2, p. 541.
27. Fauber garbee, Inc. Architects, RESTORATION OF THE JOHN CARLYLE HOUSE ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA, (Forest, VA., 1980), P. III-5. Courtesy of Carylyle House Historic Park.
28. Alexandria Deed Book, S2, p. 644
29. Fauber Garbee, Inc., OP. CIT. p. B-2.
30. IBID.
31. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, December 20, 1833, p. 3.
32. Fauber Garbee, Inc.,iNC., p. B-3.
33. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, February 12, 1825, p. 2; May 7, 1832, p. 3: Nan Netherton, Donald Sweig, et al. eds FAIRFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA - A HISTORY, (Fairfax, VA.: Fairfax Board of Supervisors, 1978), p. 198
34. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, April 6, 1827
35. IBID.
36. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE, January 23, 1827, p. 2.
37 Will of John lloyd, Alexandria Will Book, 6, p. 369.

This information came from "The Powell and Llolyd Families of Alexandria, Virginia", by Frank Snowden Hopkins. A Family History of the Maternal Ancestors of my Mother, Selina Lloyd Hopbern Hopkins, of Gloucester, Virginia, a Descendant of the Alexandria Merchants Cuthbert Powell (1775-1849 and John Lloyd (1775-1854).
This history is compiled from genealogical materials inherited and collected by my mother during her long life from 1878 to 1970. Of special note are the following documents: The Family Tree of Col. Leven Powell's Line of the Powells of Virginia, compiled by Rosalie Noland Ball, a Powell descendant; the Journal of Cuthbert Powell, written in 1796-97; a biographic sketch of Cuthbert Powell, written by his daughter, Ellen Douglas Powell Gray; historical notes prepared by Rebecca C. Powell (1831-1921) on her Peyton, Harrison, Simms, Douglas, Van Buskirk, and Lloyd ancestors; a genealogy of the Janny family prepared by the Rev. S. Janey Hutton in 1970; an account of the family of John Harper (1728-1804) of Philadelphia and Alexandria, grandfather of John Lloyd and father of 29 surviving children, prepared by his descendant Mollie Powell from the Harper family Bible; excerpts from many old family letters; excerpts from the letters of Mrs. Robert E Lee to her schoolmate Selina Lloyd; and my mother's reminiscences of the Powell and Lloyd relatives she knwo during the after her school days in Alexandria in the 1890s.
John Lloyd was an almost exact contemporary of Cuthbert Powell, a fellow merchant whom he must have known well. They were born the same year, 1775; Cuthbert lived until 1849, John Lloyd until 1854. John came to Alexandria as an infant from Philadelphia.
John's mother, Sarah, died when he was born or in his infancy. John was brought up in the Harper family, and we do not know whether Nicholas also died early or whether he just remained in Philadelphia when the Harper family moved to Alexandria about 1776 and took his son with them.
We have no details on John's business career, but he obviously was a successful merchant who did well in the business life of his growingf city. He bought the imposing home on North Washington Street which is known today as the John Lloyd House, and left a comfortable estate to be divided among his children, some of whom continued to live in houses he passed on to them. Born in 1775, John Lloyd was 29 when his prominent grandfather died, and surely must have got off to a good start by virtue of his family circumstances.
John Lloyd married twice. His first wife was Rebecca Janny, by whom he had several sons and Selina Lloyd (1807-71). His second wife was Harriotte Lee, who produced several more children, including Rebecca Lloyd who married Dr. Prosser Tabb of "Elmington" in Gloucester County and was the ancestor of several Gloucester families.
John Lloyd's home is preserved as one of the historic homes of Alexandria, a handsome brick house of the principal north-south street of the city. The address is 220 North Washington Street. It was in this house that Robert E Lee learned in 1861 of his appointment by the Virginia State Legislature to command the Army of Virginia. He was on his way home form Christ Church to his home at Arlington (now the Custis mansion in Arlington Nathional Cemetery) when the news caught up with him. He had resigned from the United States Army the day before.
The Lloyd House, as it is known, was built in 1793 by James Hooe, and was purchased by John Lloyd in 1832 after the death of the builder's widow. it remained in the Lloyd family for nearly a centurn and was one of my mother's most vivgid memories from her school years in Alexandria, 1892-94, when her mother's relatives still lived there. The house is described in my book "as one of the most pleasing examples of Georgian domestic architecture in the city rich in that idiom of design." The description given speaks of the interior trim as dating from the Federal period, while the exterior is mid-Georgian - a rectangular brick structure with handsome windows, roof trim, and chimneys, and a distinguished pedimented doorway. The white stone lintels and keystones which frame the windows are particularly noted. The brick walls were laid in Flemish bond, the most popular brick work style until after 1820.
The Oldest of the children of John Lloyd by his two wives was John Janny Lloyd, born about 1803, from whom came many descendants. Among the most prominent of these was Bishop Arthur Selden Lloyd. The second Lloyd son was Dr. Nelson Lloyd, a lifelong bachelor. The third child was Selina, born in 1807, who married Charles Leven Powell about 1830 and produced two sons and four daughters. It was her daughter, the Selina called Nina (1842-1918), who married the Rev. Sewell S. Hepburn in 1871.
After Selina Lloyd came several other sons, but the record I have is not entirely clear which ones were of the first marriage and which of the second. Their names were Richard, married (1) Mary Fife, (2) Elizabeth Jenkins; Edmund, did not marry; Francis, married Mary Hammond; and Frederick, married Lucy Powell. Frederick's tombstone says that he was born in 1828, the youngest son of John Lloyd and Rebecca Janney.
Several of the Lloyd sons migrated westward. Richard, Francis, and Frederick were in Henry, Illinois in the 1850s, and provided the reason why Charles Leven Powell and wife Selina also moved to Henry and Lived there for several years before returning to Virginia in 1856 or thereabouts. They were engaged in mercantile careers.

See Reference at beginning of notes:
Mother's Recollections of the Lloyds

Mother left a written memorandum reporting on her Lloyd relatives. Some of them she knew first in her Alexandria school years, 1892-94; others she met or got better acquainted with in the years before her marriage in 1900 when she was sent visiting relatives as a young lady encouraged to widen her social opportunities. Undoubtedly her mother, our Grandma Hepburn, wanted her to meet marriageable young men who would be better prospects than most of those she knew in Hanover County, an area devastated and impoverished by the bloody fighting of 1861-65. For example, Mother used to tell us she was visiting Cousin Lizzie Crenshaw in Washington when the U.S.S. Maine blew up in Havana harbor in 1898, precipitationg the Spanish-American War.

In her school years Mother used sometimes to visit the John Lloyd House, then occupied by her Great-aunt Minnie Lloyd and her sister Great-aunt Jeanie and her husband Philip Yeatman. When Uncle Philip died in 1897, both sisters went into deep mourning, for Aunt Minnie said, "Sister is broken-hearted." After that Mother never saw either of them when they were not dressed in black. Mother recalls that when she went to the Lloyd House to see them, she would ring the front door bell, whereupon an upstairs window would open and a voice would call out, "Who is it?" When Mother would identify herself, Aunt Minnie or Aunt Jeanie would lower a small basket on a string, containing the front door key, and Mother would let herself in.
NOTE: Dorothy Langley (Hoge) Kenzie remembers her father Phil Hoge telling her the same story.

It was dark and gloomy house, and the two old ladies seemed to live mostly in their bedrooms, Mother wrote. "after Aunt Jeanies's........The recollections continue to go on, but this is the last page we have.

Lloyd House, 220 Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314, 703-838-4577
The Lloyd House is the Alexandria Library's historic research branch. It contains the early collections of the Alexandria Library Company; extensive materials on Alexandria and Virginia history; original documents and maps; and a strong collection of genealogy materials. The branch is located in a 1797 Georgian style house.

One of Alexandria's finest examples of late Georgian architecture, Lloyd House was built in 1797 by John Wise, who also built Gadsby's Tavern.
In the early 1800's, Charles Lee, Attorney General in the Washington and Adams administrations, lived here as did Jacob Hoffman, mayor of Alexandria. Benjamin Hallowell, tutor of Robert E. Lee, moved his school into the home's large rooms in 1826.
John Lloyd, a wealthy merchant, bought the house at an auction in 1832. His wife, Anne Harriotte Lee, was a first cousin of Robert E Lee and frequently entertained Lee in the house.
The house was owned by the Lloyd family until 1918, when it was purchased by William Albert Smoot, a lumber dealer and mayor of Alexandria. The Smoot family owned Lloyd House until 1942. During World War II it became a rooming house for WAVES who worked at the Torpedo Factory.
The Lloyd House is owned by the Alexandria Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission.

"Historic Alex. VA Street by Street", by Ethlyn Cux, p. 176
Built around 1798 by John Wise. In 1802 Wise's tenant was James Marshall, who was an Assistant Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia 1801-1803. James' brother John was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1801, and may have visited here when traveling to and from Washington, D.C. In 1810 Wise sold the house to Jacob Hoffman, who was mayor of Alexandria February 1803-February 1804. In 1825 the widow of James H. Hooe became the owner, and the following spring rented the house to Benjamin Hallowell. Hallowell made interior alterations and established his school here. In 1832 John Lloyd, whose wife was a daughter of Edmund Jennings Lee, bought it at auction.
Family memoirs say that on the Sunday before Lee traveled to Richmond to assume command of the armed forces of Virginia, he attended services at Christ Church and called here, and at the home of Cassius Lee, now 428 North Washington. Dr. Joseph Packard of the Episcopal Seminary, whose wife was a grand-daughter of Charles Lee, was living here when President Lincoln was assassinated. The next morning Federal soldiers called and demanded that crape be put on the front door. That night a large stone was hurled through a front window. The Lloyd family owned the house until 1918. Twice saved from demolition by the Historic Alexandria Foundation. In 1969 purchased by funds contributed by the Hoge Foundation, Federal, State and City governments, and conveyed to the Alexandria Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission. To be used by the Alexandria Library as a repository of books and documents relating to Virginia and Alexandria history.

*****End of John Lloyd's notes*****

Children of JOHN LLOYD and REBECCA JANNEY are:

was a Bishop

12. ii. JOHN JANNEY LLOYD, b. 08 Mar 1800; d. 22 May 1871, Alexandria, VA.
iii. NICHOLAS WALN LLOYD, b. 28 Oct 1801; d. Died young.
iv. HORATIO NELSON LLOYD, b. 02 Jan 1804; d. 13 Mar 1860, Mississippi.

Died unmarried in Mississippi

13. v. SELINA LLOYD, b. 30 Sep 1808; d. 04 Aug 1871.
vi. ALFRED LLOYD, b. Sep 1811; d. 1812, Died age one year.
vii. RICHARD HENRY LLOYD, b. 15 Jul 1815; d. 24 Feb 1883; m. (1) MARY FIFE; m. (2) ELIZABETH JENKINS.

Had one child with first wife, Mary Fife - 5 children with second wife, Elizabeth Jenkins
Home - "Belmont", later St. Agnes School

viii. FREDERICK LLOYD, b. Oct 1817; d. 28 Nov 1868; m. LUCY LEE POWELL.

Tombstone says that he was born in 1828, the youngest son of John Lloyd and Rebecca Janney

Children of JOHN LLOYD and ANNE LEE are:
14. ix. FRANCIS10 LLOYD.



The second Lloyd son.
Was a Doctor.
A lifelong bachelor.

xii. EDMUND JENNINGS LLOYD, b. 27 Aug 1822; d. 01 Oct 1889.

Marital status: never married
Military service: He was a captain in the commissary department of the Confederate service during the war

According to the 1880 census Edmund owned the Lloyd House (220 N. Washington Street, Alexandria, VA) during that time frame.
The Lloyd family owned the house until 1918. It was scheduled for demolition in 1956 when it was saved by Wyoming geologist Robert New. Threatedned again in 1968, it was purchased for restoration with funding from the Hoge Foundation, federal, state and local government and private donations. (source: Alexandria Library)

15. xiii. REBECCA LLOYD, b. 07 Jun 1824, Alexandria, VA; d. 17 Jul 1862, "Ditchly" Gloucester Co, VA.
16. xiv. ANN HARRIOTTE LLOYD, b. 07 Jan 1826; d. 23 Jun 1888.
17. xv. GEORGE FRANCIS LLOYD, b. 28 Oct 1828; d. 01 Oct 1866.
xvi. JEAN CHARLOTTE WASHINGTON LLOYD, b. 28 Apr 1831; m. PHILIP TABB YEATMAN, 1867; b. 28 Nov 1829; d. 18 Mar 1897, Alexandria, VA.

During the Yeatman occupancy of the Lloyd House, the United Daughters of the Confederacy was formed there in 1895.

He was a captain in the 26th Virginia Infantry (Wise's Brigade) during the Civil War.
After the Civil War, Philip was a clerk with an unidentified company in Alexandria. During the Yeatman occupancy of the Lloyd House (1895-96), the United Daughters of the Confederacy was formed there in 1895.

xvii. MARY LEE LLOYD, b. 23 Jul 1835.

See John Lloyd ( 11/16/1775 ) for reference:

The last Lloyd to live in the John Lloyd House on North Washington Street

7. WILLIAM9 HARPER, JR (WILLIAM8, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 28 Apr 1787 in Alexandria, VA, and died 01 Sep 1852 in Alexandria, VA. He married MARY THOMAS NEWTON 17 Oct 1810 in Leesburg, VA, daughter of JOHN NEWTON and MARY THOMAS. She was born 1789, and died 1841 in Alexandria, VA.


A Relative of James Thomas, Twenty-sixth Governor of Maryland, 1833-1836

i. JOHN NEWTON10 HARPER, b. 1823, Alexandria, VA; d. 23 Nov 1907, Alexandria, VA.
iv. MARIA ANN NEWTON HARPER, d. 1890, Orange, VA.

8. JOEL ZANE9 HARPER (WILLIAM8, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 16 Jun 1794 in Alexandria, VA, and died 18 Oct 1864 in Upperville, Fauquier Co., VA. He married FRANCES MCCOULL, daughter of JOHN MCCOULL. She was born 01 May 1798, and died 03 Dec 1878 in Upperville, Fauquier Co., VA.

He probably moved to Upperville to avoid taking Fed. oath C. War.

i. JOHN W10 HARPER, b. 1831; d. 16 Jan 1898, Upperville, Fauquier Co., VA.

9. SAMUEL DAVIS9 HARPER (WILLIAM8, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 03 Jan 1792, and died 14 Sep 1858. He married SARAH KEYS NORTH.

Funeral: 1785, at his brother William's home, 36 Washington St., Alexandria



iii. WILLIAM HARPER, d. California; m. NANNY KIRK; d. California.



Generation No. 5

12. JOHN JANNEY10 LLOYD (JOHN HARPER9, SARAH8 HARPER, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 08 Mar 1800, and died 22 May 1871 in Alexandria, VA. He married ELIZA ARMISTEAD SELDEN 16 Oct 1845, daughter of WILSON SELDEN and MARY ALEXANDER. She was born 24 Mar 1820 in "Exeter", Loudoun Co., Virginia,, and died 07 Jun 1870.

The oldest son of John Lloyd

Had 8 children
Home "Mt. Ida" - now St. Mary's Academy.
"Exeter" burned 1931

Children of JOHN LLOYD and ELIZA SELDEN are:
i. MARY BOWLES11 LLOYD, d. Died age one year.

One son - died young



5 children

iv. NELLIE SELDEN LLOYD, b. 03 Mar 1853; d. 15 Mar 1931; m. GEORGE UHLER, 08 Aug 1876; b. 09 Jan 1849; d. 11 Dec 1925.

Five children

vi. ARTHUR SELDEN LLOYD, b. 03 May 1857, "Mt. Ida", Alexandria County, VA; d. 22 Jul 1936, Stanford, County; m. ELIZABETH ROBERTSON BLACKFORD, 30 Jun 1880; d. Mar 1932.

"Arthur Selden Lloyd, Missionary-Statesman and Pastor", by Alexander C. Zabriskie
Chap. 1
Arthur Selden Lloyd was descended from the best families of two colonies. On his father's side his ancestors were PA Quakers. The first American Lloyd was Thomas Lloyd, who came to Philadelphia from Dolobran Hall, Monmouthshire, Wales, in 1683 and was deputy governor of the Colony, 1691-1694. Miss Betticher's researches have shown with considerable certainty that he was descended from the Welsh Kings of Dyfed in South Wales and, through his great-great-grandmother, Margaret Kynaston, from the English King Edward I and the royal French house of Capet. One of this man's sons, Thomas Jr., remained in England; but his son, Thomas III, followed his grandfather to Philadelphia. The latter's son, Nicolas Waln, was dropped from the Society of Friends for marrying out of Meeting, and probably because of that, moved to Baltimore. His son John married Miss Janney, sister-in-law of the Johns Hopkins for whom the university is named. John's son, John Janney, born March 8, 1800, married Miss Eliza Armistead Selden in Christ Church, Alexandria, October 16, 1845. Of this couple Arthur Selden was the sixth child.

13. SELINA10 LLOYD (JOHN HARPER9, SARAH8 HARPER, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 30 Sep 1808, and died 04 Aug 1871. She married CHARLES LEVEN POWELL 28 Sep 1830, son of CUTHBERT POWELL. He was born 1804, and died 1896.

See John Lloyd for reference:

Had 2 sons & 4 daughters.
One of the daughters was named Selina called Nina (1842-1918) married the Rev. Sewell S Hepburn in 1871.
A schoolmate of Mrs Robert E Lee letters between them are on file see "The Powell and Lloyd families of Alexandria Vierginia by Frank Snowden Hopkins, 1988

i. SELINA11 POWELL, b. 1842; d. 1918; m. SEWELL STAVELY HEPBURN, 13 Apr 1871, Alexandria, VA; b. 09 Jun 1845, Hannibal, MO; d. 04 Nov 1932, Christ Church I.U. Worton Md. Keny County.

Known as Nina

A minister



15. REBECCA10 LLOYD (JOHN HARPER9, SARAH8 HARPER, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 07 Jun 1824 in Alexandria, VA, and died 17 Jul 1862 in "Ditchly" Gloucester Co, VA. She married JOHN PROSSER TABB 02 May 1844.


Has title Dr. was of Gloucester County, Virginia

Children of REBECCA LLOYD and JOHN TABB are:



16. ANN HARRIOTTE10 LLOYD (JOHN HARPER9, SARAH8 HARPER, JOHN7, ROBERT6, JOHN5, WALTER4, HUMPHREY3, WILLIAM (SIR)2, THOMAS (SIR)1) was born 07 Jan 1826, and died 23 Jun 1888. She married JOHN STEARNS 19 Jul 1848, son of JOHN STEARNS and SARAH KETCHUM. He was born 14 Oct 1812 (Source: "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathaniel Stearns, and Their Descendants, " by Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen), and died 11 Nov 1864.

Was a M.D. before he went into ministry. He resigned and went to a church in Spotswood, CT - died 6 months later leaving his wife with 5 babies.

Ref: Book "Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of this Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, including Waltham and Weston; to which is appended the Early History of the Town.", by Henry Bon, MD, Vol II.

Obtained an academical education at Dr. Muhlenburg's School, Flushing; M.D., Jeff Med. Coll., 1837. After practicing medicine a short time in NY, he turned his attention to theology; graduated at the Epis. Theol. Seminary, near Alexandria, in 1846, and is now (1848) rector of a church in Syosset, Queen's Co., NY.

Ref: Book: "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathaniel Stearns, and Their Descendants, " by Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen, p. 145.

Rev. John Stearns, M.D. (6430), b., Oct. 14, 1812, son of Dr. John and Sarah (Ketchum) Stearns, of New York City; obtained and academic education at Dr. Muhlenburg's School, Flushing, NY; M.D. Jef. Med. Coll., 1837; after practicing medicine a short time in Philadelphia, PA., he entered the Theological Seminary at Alexandria, VA., and studied for the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He was a skillful physician and would have achieved eminence in that profession, but felt called to the ministry, and for many years, occupied a foremost place in the councils of the church. He entered the ministry as assistant to Dr. Stephen H. Ty6ng, D.D., Rector of St. George's Church, New York City, and was the intimate friend of Bishop Paddock, of Washington, and Bishop Williams, of Conn. He took charge of St. Peter's Church, Brooklyn, NY; of Christ Church, Stratford, Conn.; of St. Stephen's Church, Pittsfield, Mass; St. Peter's Church, Spotswood, NJ., where he died Nov. 11, 1864. "He was an elpquent preacher and a faithful minister of God." He married July 19, 1848, Anne Harriotte Lloyd, of Alexandria, VA, born Jan. 7, 1826, who died, June 23, 1888. Her great-grandfather was Richard Henry Lee, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and Gen. Robert E. Lee, Commander of the Southern Army during the Civil War, was her first cousin on her mother's side. Her son, John Lloyd Stearns, has in his possession, the Cincinnati Plate, which Richard Henry Lee took as a souvenir of the entertainment given by George Washington, when the 'Order of the Cincinnati' was formed." They had five children.

Children of ANN LLOYD and JOHN STEARNS are:
i. HARRIOTTE LEE11 STEARNS, b. 01 May 1849, Alexandria, VA (Source: "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathaniel Stearns, and Their Descendants, " by Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen); d. 16 Jul 1851, Brooklyn, NY (Source: "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathaniel Stearns, and Their Descendants, " by Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen).
ii. MARY BARLOW STEARNS, b. 27 Nov 1850, Brooklyn NY (Source: "Genealogy and Memoirs of Charles and Nathaniel Stearns, and Their Descendants, " by Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen); d. 12 Jan 1925, Elizabeth NJ; m. WILLIAM SCOFIELD HOGE, 28 Jan 1874, Lincoln M.H. VA (Source: "The Hoge, Nichols and Related Families - Biographical/Historical - A Sequential Arrangement of Genealogical Data", by William D. Nichols, 4578 Rain Park Drive, Fairview Park, OH 44126, Sept. 1969); b. 18 Feb 1847, Pleasent Valley Farm, near Hamilton VA (Source: "The Hoge, Nichols and Related Families - Biographical/Historical - A Sequential Arrangement of Genealogical Data", by William D. Nichols, 4578 Rain Park Drive, Fairview Park, OH 44126, Sept. 1969); d. 15 Aug 1920, Buck Hill Falls PA.

- May have been born Nov. 27, 1850
- Descendant of Richard Henry Lee of VA
- Member D.A.R. Chapter 202 "Mary Washington"
Ref. Lee of VA by E.J. Lee
It is from Mary Stearns that the connection to the Lee's of Virginia comes. Therefore the following are added here.

Copied from Richard Henry Lee's Family Bible.

Richard Henry Lee and Ann Aylett were married December 3, 1757.

Thomas Lee, the son of Richard Henry Lee and Anne, his wife, was born on Sunday the 20th day of October 1757 at 11 o'clock at night and was christened by the Rev. Mr. Charks Rose the 26th day of November 1738. His sponsore were Alkinton, the honorable Col. Philip Ludwell Lee, Ganin Covborn, Esq. Miss Alice Lee, Mrs. Alkenton and Miss Mary Aylett.

Ludwell Lee, son of R.H. Lee and Anne, his wife, was born on Monday the 13th of October 176? at 12 o'clock in the night and was christened by the Rev. M.C. Rose on Sunday the 26th of October 1760. His proxies - Miss Richard Lee Esq., Doctor Arthur Lee and Miss Elizasbeth Steptor.

Mary Lee, daughter of Richard Henry Lee and Anne, his wife, was born Saturday the 28th of July 1764 in the night. She was christened by the Rev. Mr. Archibald Cambell March 11th, 1765 and her proxies were Frances Lightfoot Lee Esq., Mr. Joseph Lane and James Davenport with Mrs Elizabeth Steptor, Miss Betty Washington and Miss Booth.

Anne Lee, daughter of Richard Henry Lee and Anne, his wife, was born the 1st day of December 1770 and was christened the 6th of January 1771. Her sponsors were Frances Lightfoot Lee Esq., Dr. Steqtor, Mrs. Richard Lee and Miss Sarah Gaskins. She was christened by Rev. Mr. Thomas Smith.

Henrietta Lee, daughter of R. H. Lee and Anne, his wife, was born the 10th day of December 1773 and was christened the ?? day of January 1774. Her sponsors were Capt. John Lee, Richard Lee, George Lee, Frances Steptor Esqr., Miss Elizabeth Gaskins, Miss ??? Lee and Miss Mary Lee.

Sarah Lee, daughter of Richard Henry Lee and Anne, his wife, was born the 27th of November 1775 and was christened by the Rev. Mr. Thomas Smith. Her proxies were Thomas Ludwell Lee, Henry Lee Esqrs., MIss Elizabeth Lee, Miss Mary Lee, Miss Nancy Lee, Miss Hannah Lee.

Cassius Lee, son of Richard Henry Lee and Anne, his wife, was born at 3 o'clock at night the 18 day of August 1779. Christened October 10, 1779. Proxies the Rev. Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Armstead, Miss Alice Lee of Maryland, Miss Nancy Lee of Chantilly and Miss Furann.
"May every Ceasar feel the keen deep searching of a Patriots Steel."

Frances Lightfoot Lee, son of R. H. Lee and Anne, his wife, was born at 2 o'clock in the morning 1782. Was Christened by the Rev. Mr. Wilson. His sponsors were Mrs. Thomas, Mrs. Ludwell Lee, Mrs. Aylett Lee, Miss Mary Lee, Miss Hannah Lee, Miss Flora Lee, Miss Lucinda Lee.

Page is so bad that nothing further could be read.

SOURCE: This letter was sent by Nan Hoge Savage to Philip B. Hoge (her brother) in about 1965.

Our Grandmother and Your Great Grandmother was the third Daughter of Richard Henry Lee and Anne his second wife -- she was a widow Pinkard, a Miss Ann Gaskins her name number 1.

Sarah Lee, her child, born the 27th of November 1773 in Westmorland County. She married Edmund J. Lee, son of Henry Lee and Lucy Greymer. Edmund J. Lee was the brother of Lighthorse "Harry Lee" of Revolutionary War, who was the Father of General Robert E. Lee.

Anne Harriotte Lee, daughter of Edmund J. Lee and Sarah, his wife, was born on Wednesday March 6th, 1799--Married John Lloyd November 2nd, 1822.

Two of Richard Henry Lee's daughters our Grandmothers.
Sisters married Washington's, Gen. Washington's, Nephews -- your Great Uncles and Aunts.

Edmund Jennings Lee William Fitzbugh Lee
Anne Harrotte Lee Hannah Lee
Tallee Lee Charles Henry Lee
Capens Lee Richard Henry Lee

Ancestor: Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, ref: Lee of VA, by E.J. Lee. Member D.A.R Chap 202, Mary Washington, Washington D.C.

A wealthy merchant. Built an apartment house at 1402 15th Street Wash DC . "Could see DuPont Circle from it".

On 18 May 1874 was condemned at Hopewell for marrying out of unity; requested to be retained and allowed to remain. [Hinshaw, Quaker Gen. v. 6:401,402]

He married Mary Barlow Stearns and died in 1920 (family genalogy)

The Janney Family came to Bucks Co. PA in 1683, same year as William Hoge, Sr. Thomas Janney (bp 1634 d. 1697) bought 250 acres from Wm. Penn. (Janneys and Hoges intermarried, and James Janey was a partner of Wm. S. Hoge in D.C. in 1873 - see below) Ref: History of Bucks Co. PA 1975, pp 54-60, at Library of Congress.
Peabody Roon, Georgetown Public Library, R & Wisconsin Sts., D.C., Boyd's Directories, D.C.
1870 - no entry for Hoge
1872 - no entry
1873 - William S. Hoge of Janney & Hoge, commission merchants and dealers in flour, feed, and hay. James W. Janney is his partner. Place of business is 460 Pennsylvania Ave. NW.
1874 - Same as above. Hoge boards at Continental Hotel
1890 - no entry
1897 - William S. Hoge and James M. Hoge of Hoge & McDowell, produce & commission merchants, feed, hay, grain, and all kinds of country produce. Wm. S. Hoge, student. No listing for Philip
1906 - Wm. S. Hoge, Pres., James M. Hoge, manager, Hoge & McDowell co. 945 S. St. NW Hoge's residence: 1402 15th Street, NW
1910 W. S. Hoge, Pres., James M. Hoge of Hoge & McDowell, millers, wholesale feed dealers & commission merchants. Philip B Hoge, civil engineer at 141 Q Street, house at 1402 15th Street.
1915 - Wm. S. Hoge, Pres. W. S. Hoge & Bro., commission merchants and wholesale feed dealers at 915 Louisiana Ave., warehouse at 80 L Street. NE. Wm S Hoge, Jr., secretary-treasurer Hoge Co. Barbara Hoge. Philip Hoge, civil engineer at 1402 15th Street. live Wm. S. Hoge, Sr., and Philip.
1922 - James M. Hoge, Pres. WM S Hoge & Brothers, wholesale grain and feed at 233 6th Street. SW, also at Alexandria.
1923 - same

The residence of Wm. Hoge Sr. was due west of Opeckah Memorial Church, south of Winchester. House now gone, but site was that of pritchard house, built 1850, extant 1863. Wm. Hoge's son Alexander, besides being a member of the first U.S. Congress, was at the Virginia Convention which adopted the first constitution. (Ref: "Shenandoah Valley Pioneers", A History of Frederick Co. VA. by T.K. Cartnell, 1963, chesapeake Book co. Berryville VA, pp. 411-412).

In 1744 William Hoge obtained a license to keep an ordinary. (Ref: "History of Lower Shenandoah Valley," counties Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson, and Clarke, ed. J.E. Norris, 1890, Virginia Book co. Berryville VA p. 73.)

Owned grain & feed business in Washington DC from 1873-1920. [Boyd's City Directories]. On May 18, 1874 he was condemned at Hopewell MH for marrying out of unity, request to remain was allowed. (source: Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy, wm Wade Hinshaw, 1950, Ann Arbor MI, v.6:401.653-4.] Removed to Washington and established successful grain & feed business. Lived 1402-15th Street NW. Son Philip related that William and bro. James hitchhiked to Providence RI in order to attend Brown University. Source: Family notes, otherwise not referenced.

iii. JOHN LLOYD STEARNS, b. 20 Dec 1852, Brooklyn, NY; d. 1911; m. ELLA POWELL, 1878; b. 1856; d. 1944.
iv. REBECCA LLOYD STEARNS, b. 07 Jun 1856, Stratford, Conn; m. WILLIAM H HASTINGS, 06 Oct 1885; b. of Elizabeth, NJ.


Mrs. WM. H. Hastings is Claimed by Death
Mrs. Rebecca lloyd Hastings, wife of William H. Hastings, died at her home 513 Jefferson Avenue, Saturday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock following a brief illness. Mrs. Hastings suffered an attack of paralysis about six years ago, and it is thought that her death was caused indirectly by the stroke. she had never fully recovered, although her death on Saturday was wholly unexpected.
Mrs. Hastings was a descendant of Richard Henry Lee, who signed the Declaration of independence. She was the daughter of the Rev. John Stearns, M. D., who was the rector of an Episcopal Church in Stratford, Conn. Her mother was a Miss Lloyd, of Alexandria, Va., who was a cousin of General Robert E. Lee, of the Confederate army. she was a member of St. John's Church.
Mrs. Hastings had been a resident of this city for at least thirty-five years. Besides her husband she leaves one daughter, Miss Margaret Hastings, and one son, Warren Hastings. She also leaves a sister, Mrs. William S. Hoge of Washington.

v. ROBERT LAWRENCE STEARNS, b. 24 Dec 1857, Alexandria, VA; d. 11 Jun 1888, Elizabeth NJ.

died unmarried


Children of GEORGE LLOYD and MARY HAMMOND are:


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